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Congenital hyperinsulinism (HI) is a rare disorder of pancreatic beta cell insulin secretion that causes persistent and severe hypoglycemia starting at birth. Hyperinsulinism/hyperammonemia (HI/HA) syndrome is the second most common type of congenital HI and is caused by activating mutations in glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH). Patients with HI/HA exhibit fasting hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia, protein-induced hypoglycemia, hyperammonemia, seizures, and intellectual disability independent of hypoglycemia. These effects result from abnormal GDH activity in the beta cells, liver and kidney cells, neurons, and astrocytes. The only available treatment for HI/HA syndrome is diazoxide, which acts on the beta cells to decrease insulin secretion but has no effect on GDH activity itself or on other cell types. Thus, there remains a significant unmet need for improved therapies for this disorder. Preliminary data show that Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) inhibits GDH activity in cell lines and improves hypoglycemia in a GDH HI mouse model. Based on these preclinical studies, Investigators hypothesize that Vitamin E will inhibit GDH activity and may impact hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia and hyperammonemia in subjects with HI/HA syndrome. This hypothesis will be tested in a future study. In this initial pilot study, investigators will assess the tolerability of oral Vitamin E supplementation in subjects with HI/HA syndrome.
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Enrolling by invitation
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-01-15T13:04:17-0500
Several drugs and chemotherapies seem to have an impact on the metabolic system. This study investigates reports of metabolic toxicities such as hyperammonemia, including the International...
Children with congenital hyperinsulinism have low blood sugar, and some of these children may require surgery. In this study, researchers affiliated with the University of Pennsylvania wil...
Congenital hyperinsulinism is a rare condition that can cause life-threatening hypoglycemia. Current treatment for congenital hyperinsulinism is often suboptimal, and such individuals may ...
To replace Sandostatine® in three daily subcutaneous injections by a single intramuscular injection of Sandostatine® LP per month in patients with a diffuse form of hyperinsulinism.
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To determine the etiology and outcomes of critically ill patients with severe hyperammonemia.
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A syndrome with excessively high INSULIN levels in the BLOOD. It may cause HYPOGLYCEMIA. Etiology of hyperinsulinism varies, including hypersecretion of a beta cell tumor (INSULINOMA); autoantibodies against insulin (INSULIN ANTIBODIES); defective insulin receptor (INSULIN RESISTANCE); or overuse of exogenous insulin or HYPOGLYCEMIC AGENTS.
A lipid cofactor that is required for normal blood clotting. Several forms of vitamin K have been identified: VITAMIN K 1 (phytomenadione) derived from plants, VITAMIN K 2 (menaquinone) from bacteria, and synthetic naphthoquinone provitamins, VITAMIN K 3 (menadione). Vitamin K 3 provitamins, after being alkylated in vivo, exhibit the antifibrinolytic activity of vitamin K. Green leafy vegetables, liver, cheese, butter, and egg yolk are good sources of vitamin K.
A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of VITAMIN D in the diet, insufficient production of vitamin D in the skin, inadequate absorption of vitamin D from the diet, or abnormal conversion of vitamin D to its bioactive metabolites. It is manifested clinically as RICKETS in children and OSTEOMALACIA in adults. (From Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1406)
OXIDOREDUCTASES which mediate vitamin K metabolism by converting inactive vitamin K 2,3-epoxide to active vitamin K.
An isomer of glucose that has traditionally been considered to be a B vitamin although it has an uncertain status as a vitamin and a deficiency syndrome has not been identified in man. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1379) Inositol phospholipids are important in signal transduction.
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...
Congenital conditions are those which are present from birth. They include structural deformities or loss of function in organs such as the <!--LGfEGNT2Lhm-->heart, gut or skeletal system. They can be corrected by <!--LGfEGNT2Lhm-->surgery, m...
The pancreas secretes a number of important hormones into the digestive tract and the blood stream. Cancers are most commonly exocrine than endocrine (neuroendocrine) tumors. Functional tumors secrete hormones; Insulinoma, Gastrinoma, Somatostatinoma, VI...