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MAC-cbt Group Therapy for Adults With ADHD

2019-01-22 14:36:17 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The study is developed to validate a new short psychotherapeutic group treatment for adults with ADHD diagnosis. The participants will be treated in a monocentric, parallel group randomized superiority study - one group with the new treatment and one group with well established relaxing treatment.

Description

Background: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (AD(H)D) symptoms are often assumed to decease in adolescence, however in up to 60% of children, AD(H)D persists into adulthood. Currently, pharmacological therapy is the number-one choice AD(H)D treatment. Despite its evidenced effects of pharmacological interventions there are side effects, contraindications and non-responders, which send some patients disliking the use of medication and asking for alternative treatments. In previous studies mindfulness-based interventions already have shown similar effects in neural regions as pharmacological treatment and positive changes in AD(H)D symptoms, quality of life, awareness and concentration. The following study wants to improve mindfulness-based treatment approaches in AD(H)D with a new therapy concept.

Methods: Mindfulness, acceptance, commitment and cognitive behavioral group therapy (MAC-CBT) combines 3rd wave therapies with focus on mindfulness meditation, acceptance of unchangeability, commitment to new goals with elements of cognitive behavioral therapy. The design of this study is a single-center, parallel-group, randomized superiority trial. The aim is to compare MAC-CBT group with progressive muscle relaxation training (PMR by Jacobson). Both groups will be held over a period of eight weeks. Participants will be assessed two times before treatment to determine natural course of adult AD(H)D and two times after treatment to evaluate short and long term effects. A questionnaire battery and neuropsychological tests are to be used to obtain results regarding a possible change in the symptoms and attention, including selective attention.

Discussion: This trial will offer new knowledge about the effects of third wave therapies on AD(H)D. Furthermore, the following study is one of few studies that will compare AD(H)D treatment to relaxation training instead of comparison to waiting list. The aim of the following study is to verify previous outcomes of mindfulness-based treatments on AD(H)D and to evaluate superiority of mindfulness towards relaxation programs.

Study Design

Conditions

Psychotherapy

Intervention

MAC-cbt group treatment for adult ADHD, Jacobson

Location

Neuropsychiatric Center of Hamburg
Hamburg
Germany
22769

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

Neuropsychiatrischen Zentrums Hamburg-Altona

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-01-22T14:36:17-0500

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The use of more than one therapist at one time in individual or group psychotherapy.

A form of group psychotherapy. It involves treatment of more than one member of the family simultaneously in the same session.

Any form of psychotherapy designed to produce therapeutic change within a minimal amount of time, generally not more than 20 sessions.

The use of mental images produced by the imagination as a form of psychotherapy. It can be classified by the modality of its content: visual, verbal, auditory, olfactory, tactile, gustatory, or kinesthetic. Common themes derive from nature imagery (e.g., forests and mountains), water imagery (e.g., brooks and oceans), travel imagery, etc. Imagery is used in the treatment of mental disorders and in helping patients cope with other diseases. Imagery often forms a part of HYPNOSIS, of AUTOGENIC TRAINING, of RELAXATION TECHNIQUES, and of BEHAVIOR THERAPY. (From Encyclopedia of Human Behavior, vol. 4, pp29-30, 1994)

A generic term for the treatment of mental illness or emotional disturbances primarily by verbal or nonverbal communication.

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