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Ramadan fasting is an important event for Muslims. During Ramadan, all healthy Muslims are asked to abstain from food and drink throughout the day and eat only during daybreak (sahur) and after sunset (iftar). Patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) can be exempted from fasting but most of them do not perceive themselves as sick, and they continue to fast. With so many Muslims with diabetes choosing to fast, there is an immediate need for evidence-based nutrition practice guidelines. This study is conducted to determine the feasibility of implementing the Ramadan Nutrition Plan named My Dia-RNP that is also incorporating diabetes-specific nutrition formula on dietary adherence and acceptability in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. We hypothesized that My Dia-RNP is feasible to be practiced by patients with type 2 diabetes.
In Malaysia, average fasting duration is about 14 hours which could potentially cause hypoglycemia, hyperglycemia, ketoacidosis, and dehydration among people with diabetes. Also, Ramadan triggers a prime dietary change leading to increased risk of nutritional issues from improper eating habits and reduction in physical activity level (Hamdy et al., 2016). Ramadan fasting, therefore, represents a challenge to both patients and healthcare professionals (HCPs) including dietitians.
Ramadan Nutrition Plan (RNP) has recently published by the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) and the Diabetes and Ramadan (DAR) International Alliance IDF-DAR guidelines. The goal is to provide comprehensive guidance on nutrition practice during Ramadan. However, its feasibility in the real clinical scenarios warrants further investigation.
Besides, the use of a diabetes-specific nutrition formula (Nutren Untuk Diabetik®) has been shown beneficial in improving blood glucose control and managing body weight as well as enhancing the nutrient adequacy among people with diabetes (Hamdy and Barakatun-Nisak 2016). While the benefits have been well established, no study has explored its potential during Ramadan.
Malaysia Diabetes-Ramadan Nutrition Plan (My Dia-RNP) is proposed to determine the feasibility of implementing the RNP and to incorporate the diabetes-specific nutrition formula (Nutren Untuk Diabetik®) during Ramadan on dietary adherence and acceptability in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Nutrition Intervention based on My Dia-RNP, Usual Care
Universiti Putra Malaysia
Not yet recruiting
Universiti Putra Malaysia
Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-01-29T16:11:10-0500
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A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.
The time period before the development of symptomatic diabetes. For example, certain risk factors can be observed in subjects who subsequently develop INSULIN RESISTANCE as in type 2 diabetes (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 2).
A subtype of DIABETES MELLITUS that is characterized by INSULIN deficiency. It is manifested by the sudden onset of severe HYPERGLYCEMIA, rapid progression to DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS, and DEATH unless treated with insulin. The disease may occur at any age, but is most common in childhood or adolescence.
A type of diabetes mellitus that is characterized by severe INSULIN RESISTANCE and LIPODYSTROPHY. The latter may be generalized, partial, acquired, or congenital (LIPODYSTROPHY, CONGENITAL GENERALIZED).
A life-threatening complication of diabetes mellitus, primarily of TYPE 1 DIABETES MELLITUS with severe INSULIN deficiency and extreme HYPERGLYCEMIA. It is characterized by excessive LIPOLYSIS, oxidation of FATTY ACIDS, production of KETONE BODIES, a sweet smell to the breath (KETOSIS;) DEHYDRATION; and depressed consciousness leading to COMA.
Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for the body. It is usually of plant or animal origin, and contains essential nutrients, such as carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, or minerals. The substance is ingested by an organism ...