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Plasma Hydrogen Sulfide, Nitric Oxide and Stress Hyperglycemia in Acute Myocardial Infarction

2019-02-10 19:56:21 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) can cause heart failure, an irregular heartbeat, cardiogenic shock, or cardiac arrest. It is the major cause of morbidity and mortality in the general population. The diagnosis of AMI is complex basing on the clinical history, physical examination, cardiac markers, and a chest radiograph. Besides, considering that the mechanisms linking activation of inflammation and ACS are complex as well, progress in diagnosis and therapy improves little

Description

The World Health Organization (WHO) indexed cardiovascular disease (CVD) as a leading foundation for human death in developing as well as developed countries. Ischemic necrosis of the myocardium is called myocar¬dial infarction. Despite improvements in medical and interventional therapies in recent years, acute myocar¬dial infarction is still an important cause of mortal¬ity and morbidity. Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is a colorless, water-soluble gas and is an endogenously produced labile diffusible mediator with multiple roles in the cardiovascular system in health and disease. H2S is endogenously generated, and cystathionine-β-synthase (CBS), cystathionine-γ-lyase (CSE), and 3-mercaptopyruvate sulfurtransferase (3-MST) are key enzymes involved in its biological production. Once interacting with carbon monoxide and nitric oxide, H2S will initiate a unique gaseous signaling net¬work and participate in the regulation of multiple patho¬physiological processes. Plasma H2S levels negatively correlated with HbA1c, duration of diabetes, and systolic and diastolic blood pressures.

Study Design

Conditions

Myocardial Infarction

Intervention

Measurement of hydrogen sulfide

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

Assiut University

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-02-10T19:56:21-0500

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION in which the anterior wall of the heart is involved. Anterior wall myocardial infarction is often caused by occlusion of the left anterior descending coronary artery. It can be categorized as anteroseptal or anterolateral wall myocardial infarction.

A myocardial infarction that does not produce elevations in the ST segments of the ELECTROCARDIOGRAM. ST segment elevation of the ECG is often used in determining the treatment protocol (see also ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction).

A clinical syndrome defined by MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA symptoms; persistent elevation in the ST segments of the ELECTROCARDIOGRAM; and release of BIOMARKERS of myocardial NECROSIS (e.g., elevated TROPONIN levels). ST segment elevation in the ECG is often used in determining the treatment protocol (see also NON-ST ELEVATION MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION).

MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION in which the inferior wall of the heart is involved. It is often caused by occlusion of the right coronary artery.

Laceration or tearing of cardiac tissues appearing after MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.

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