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Several drugs and chemotherapies seem to induce myocarditis. This study investigates reports of myocarditis, including the International classification of disease ICD-10 for treatments in the World Health Organization (WHO) global Individual Case Safety Report (ICSR) database (VigiBase).
Several drugs and chemotherapies seem to have an impact on the myocardium and are responsible of myocarditis. Those are poorly described, due to the modification of the pharmacopeia, and the recent recognition of several of these adverse events. This study investigates the main characteristics of patients affected by myocarditis side effect imputed to drugs. A causality assessment according to the WHO-UMC (World Health Organization - Uppsala Monitoring Center) is systematically applied.
Drug inducing myocarditis
AP-HP, Pitié-Salpêtrière Hospital, Department of Pharmacology, CIC-1421, Pharmacovigilance Unit, INSERM
Groupe Hospitalier Pitie-Salpetriere
Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-03-05T02:29:15-0500
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The type species of CARDIOVIRUS causing encephalomyelitis and myocarditis in rodents, pigs, and monkeys. Infection in man has been reported with CNS involvement but without myocarditis.
Inflammatory processes of the muscular walls of the heart (MYOCARDIUM) which result in injury to the cardiac muscle cells (MYOCYTES, CARDIAC). Manifestations range from subclinical to sudden death (DEATH, SUDDEN). Myocarditis in association with cardiac dysfunction is classified as inflammatory CARDIOMYOPATHY usually caused by INFECTION, autoimmune diseases, or responses to toxic substances. Myocarditis is also a common cause of DILATED CARDIOMYOPATHY and other cardiomyopathies.
A genus of the family PICORNAVIRIDAE causing encephalitis and myocarditis in rodents. ENCEPHALOMYOCARDITIS VIRUS is the type species.
A localized infection of mucous membranes or skin caused by toxigenic strains of CORYNEBACTERIUM DIPHTHERIAE. It is characterized by the presence of a pseudomembrane at the site of infection. DIPHTHERIA TOXIN, produced by C. diphtheriae, can cause myocarditis, polyneuritis, and other systemic toxic effects.
A heterogeneous group of infections produced by coxsackieviruses, including HERPANGINA, aseptic meningitis (MENINGITIS, ASEPTIC), a common-cold-like syndrome, a non-paralytic poliomyelitis-like syndrome, epidemic pleurodynia (PLEURODYNIA, EPIDEMIC) and a serious MYOCARDITIS.
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