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The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on neuropathic pain and fatigue in people with MS. The investigators will conduct tDCS or sham on 5 consecutive days. They will evaluate pain and fatigue with specific questionnaires and measure fatigability with an isokinetic device.
The research question is whether tDCS can lessen neuropathic pain and increase fatigue resistance in people with MS. It is hypothesized, that less neuropathic pain and increased fatigue resistance after the tDCS sessions.
Prospective participants, men and women with MS, will be recruited. To accomplish this study, 20 participants will need to complete 2 randomly-ordered blocks of protocols (tDCS or sham), separated by at least one week. Each block involves 5 daily sessions at the INPL. The duration of each session will be approximately one hour and will be completed at the same time of day for each subject. The investigators expect data collection to last 6 months. Each session will be a combination of questionnaires, leg strength assessment, and an isokinetic fatigue test.
Leg strength assessment: Isokinetic (concentric/concentric) flexion and extension of the knee at 60°/s will performed five times to determine the more-MS affected leg. When strength difference between the left and right legs is less than 10%, the more affected side will be based on the participant's self-report.
Isokinetic fatigue test: Participant's will perform 40 consecutive repetitions of isokinetic concentric/concentric flexion and extension of the knee on the more-affected leg at 120 degree/sec.
In the initial session (i.e., Block 1, Session 1) subjects will 1) be consented, 2) complete the Patient Determined Disease Steps (PDDS) questionnaire, 3) the Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS), 4) Neuropathic Pain Questionnaire (NPQ), 5) Visual analog scale (VAS), 6) perform a leg strength assessment, 7) perform an isokinetic fatigue test, and 8) undergo either tDCS or sham treatment, depending on the randomized block.
tDCS treatment protocol: A tDCS device (Soterix) will deliver a small direct current through two sponge surface electrodes (5cm × 5cm, soaked with 15 mM NaCL). The positive electrode will be placed over the motor cortex representation of the more affected leg, and a second electrode will be placed on the forehead above the contralateral orbit. The two protocols blocks (tDCS or sham) will be performed in randomized order.
tDCS Block: The participant will receive tDCS for 20 min at an intensity of 2 mA while seated comfortably and quietly in a room. The intensity will start at 0 mA and will be incrementally increased to 2mA over the initial 30 seconds. At the 19:30 minute time point, the current will gradually be reduced from 2 mA to 0 mA.
Sham block: Identical to the tDCS block, except the participants will only receive the initial 30 seconds of ramp-up, after which the current will be set to 0 for the remainder of the 20 minutes.
The remaining sessions of first block (i.e. Block 1, Sessions 2-5) will be as follows: In Sessions 2 and 4, the subjects get the tDCS or sham treatment, after which they will complete the fatigue and pain questionnaires (FSS and NPQ). Sessions 3 will be the same as Sessions 2 and 4, except that the isokinetic fatigue test will be performed at the beginning (i.e., before the tDCS or sham treatment). Session 5 will start with tDCS or sham treatment, then the isokinetic fatigue test, and finally the fatigue and pain questionnaires.
Block 2 will be completed in the same manner as Block 1, except that the subjects will not redo the PDDS, VAS, and BDI in Session 1 and the treatment will shift to either tDCS or sham, depending on how the blocks were randomized.
Duration of Relief - If the participant indicates any reduction in pain following the previous day's tDCS session, they will be asked to estimate how long their pain was reduced following the session. Additionally, one week following the last testing session (i.e., Block 2, Session 5), participants will be contacted via telephone and asked the following questions:
1. Was tDCS effective at reducing the subject's pain?
2. If so, how long did the subject notice a reduction in pain following your final tDCS session?
3. Have the subject reduced his/her use of pain relieving medications since your last tDCS session?
transcranial direct current stimulation
Not yet recruiting
University of Iowa
Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-03-15T04:52:22-0400
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