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Epilepsy is defined by a cerebral disorder characterized by a lasting predisposition to generate epileptic seizures and by the neurobiological, cognitive, psychological and social consequences of this affection. The definition of epilepsy requires the occurrence of at least one epileptic seizure. 1% of the population suffers from epilepsy. The most common causes are genetic and vascular, 10% of epileptic syndromes are caused by a tumor.
The incidence of brain tumors in people with epilepsy is approximately 4%. Among patients with brain tumor (s), the frequency of epilepsy is 30% or more depending on type of tumeur. 30-50% of brain tumors are revealed by an epileptic seizure and 10 to 30% of patients with brain tumor (s) will develop seizures during their evolution.
The main objective is to evaluate the frequency of epileptic seizures according to the type of brain tumor.
Groupe Hospitalier Paris Saint-Joseph
Groupe Hospitalier Paris Saint Joseph
Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-03-20T06:27:13-0400
The purpose of this research study to investigate, classify, and quantify chronic cardiac rhythm disorders in three groups of patients with epilepsy (intractable focal epilepsy, controlled...
The prevalence of comorbid depression in patients with epilepsy is as high as 30-50%. The depressive symptoms severely affect seizure severity and quality of life in patients with epilepsy...
OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the chromosomal regions that contain genes that raise the risk of epilepsy in families by performing genetic linkage analysis of idiopathic/cryptogenic epilepsy.
The purpose of this research is to study the safety and effectiveness of electrical stimulation to treat uncontrolled seizures in adults with epilepsy.
This study will assess the effectiveness of the ketogenic diet (high-fat, low-carbohydrate, and moderate protein) in treating epilepsy. Two study groups will be comprised of children with ...
The purpose of this study was to evaluate differences in stigma, disclosure management of epilepsy, and knowledge about epilepsy between patients with epilepsy who recognized and did not recognize the...
People with epilepsy (PWE) from underserved populations face significant barriers to epilepsy management and therefore may lack knowledge about epilepsy and self-management (SM) of epilepsy. This pape...
Antiepileptic drugs are necessary for successful treatment of epilepsy. Unfortunately, epilepsy itself and some antiepileptic drugs have been documented to provoke or worsen seizure frequency by alter...
To characterise bilateral temporal encephalocele (BTE)-associated epilepsy relative to unilateral temporal encephalocele (UTE)-associated epilepsy as a rare but curable cause of structural epilepsy us...
We aimed to review the literature to determine the incidence and prevalence of autism in epilepsy and epilepsy in autism, conditions that are often comorbid.
A disorder characterized by the onset of myoclonus in adolescence, a marked increase in the incidence of absence seizures (see EPILEPSY, ABSENCE), and generalized major motor seizures (see EPILEPSY, TONIC-CLONIC). The myoclonic episodes tend to occur shortly after awakening. Seizures tend to be aggravated by sleep deprivation and alcohol consumption. Hereditary and sporadic forms have been identified. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p323)
A disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of paroxysmal brain dysfunction due to a sudden, disorderly, and excessive neuronal discharge. Epilepsy classification systems are generally based upon: (1) clinical features of the seizure episodes (e.g., motor seizure), (2) etiology (e.g., post-traumatic), (3) anatomic site of seizure origin (e.g., frontal lobe seizure), (4) tendency to spread to other structures in the brain, and (5) temporal patterns (e.g., nocturnal epilepsy). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p313)
An anticonvulsant effective in tonic-clonic epilepsy (EPILEPSY, TONIC-CLONIC). It may cause blood dyscrasias.
An autosomal dominant inherited partial epilepsy syndrome with onset between age 3 and 13 years. Seizures are characterized by PARESTHESIA and tonic or clonic activity of the lower face associated with drooling and dysarthria. In most cases, affected children are neurologically and developmentally normal. (From Epilepsia 1998 39;Suppl 4:S32-S41)
A subtype of epilepsy characterized by seizures that are consistently provoked by a certain specific stimulus. Auditory, visual, and somatosensory stimuli as well as the acts of writing, reading, eating, and decision making are examples of events or activities that may induce seizure activity in affected individuals. (From Neurol Clin 1994 Feb;12(1):57-8)
Epilepsy is defined as a disorder of brain function characterized by recurrent seizures that have a sudden onset. (Oxford Medical Dictionary). A seizure is caused by a sudden burst of excess electrical activity in the brain, causing a tempora...
Neurology - Central Nervous System (CNS)
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