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Preoperative Serum Albumin and Duration of Intraoperative Hypotension on Postoperative Acute Kidney Injury

2019-03-26 08:29:36 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Acute kidney injury is one of major adverse postoperative complications. research about postoperative acute kidney injury conclude that low preoperative albumin and intraoperative hypotension is associated to postoperative acute kidney injury. However, due to ethic issue and nonlinear realtionship between these factors and postoperative acute kidney injury, the exact threshold of these two risk factors were not be able to identified. Our research tried to locate the exact threshold with implementation of penalized splines by generalized additive model.

Study Design

Conditions

Acute Kidney Injury

Location

First hospital Peking University
Beijing
Beijing
China
100034

Status

Completed

Source

Peking University First Hospital

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-03-26T08:29:36-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Abrupt reduction in kidney function defined as an absolute increase in serum CREATININE of more than or equal to 0.3. mg/dl, a percentage increase in serum creatinine of more than or equal to 50%, or a reduction in urine output. Acute kidney injury encompasses the entire spectrum of the syndrome including acute kidney failure; ACUTE KIDNEY TUBULAR NECROSIS; and other less severe conditions.

Acute kidney failure resulting from destruction of EPITHELIAL CELLS of the KIDNEY TUBULES. It is commonly attributed to exposure to toxic agents or renal ISCHEMIA following severe TRAUMA.

A severe irreversible decline in the ability of kidneys to remove wastes, concentrate URINE, and maintain ELECTROLYTE BALANCE; BLOOD PRESSURE; and CALCIUM metabolism. Renal failure, either acute (KIDNEY FAILURE, ACUTE) or chronic (KIDNEY FAILURE, CHRONIC), requires HEMODIALYSIS.

A rare but serious transfusion-related reaction in which fluid builds up in the lungs unrelated to excessively high infusion rate and/or volume (TRANSFUSION-ASSOCIATED CIRCULATORY OVERLOAD). Signs of Transfusion-Related Acute Lung Injury include pulmonary secretions; hypotension; fever; DYSPNEA; TACHYPNEA; TACHYCARDIA; and CYANOSIS.

A complication of kidney diseases characterized by cell death involving KIDNEY PAPILLA in the KIDNEY MEDULLA. Damages to this area may hinder the kidney to concentrate urine resulting in POLYURIA. Sloughed off necrotic tissue may block KIDNEY PELVIS or URETER. Necrosis of multiple renal papillae can lead to KIDNEY FAILURE.

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