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Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-04-10T11:19:17-0400
Spastic wrist flexion deformity is a very common problem in children with CP. Although serial casting (SC) is one of the commonly used interventions in addition to botulinum toxin A (BoNT-...
Botulinum toxin is the main treatment for focal spasticity but the effects of botulinum toxin injections with respect to limitations of gait activities are still discussed. The aim of this...
Purpose: The aim of this study was investigate the effects of botulinum toxin type A (BoNT-A) associated with physical therapy on the functional capacity of children with spastic cerebral ...
The purpose of this study is to compare two types of botulinum toxin type A to treat the involuntary muscle contractions in the neck
To date, clinical tests are unable to differentiate between the cause of muscle stiffness, although a manual instrumented spasticity assessment for the lower limb that utilizes surface ele...
Botulinum toxin type A has gained popularity in many clinical fields, for a variety of aesthetic and therapeutic purposes. In addition, there have been reports regarding the positive effect of botulin...
To determine the effects of botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) injection on dry eye signs, symptoms, and tear cytokine levels in patients with intractable dry eye disease (DED).
To examine the hypothesis that what is the concomitant mechanism of action botulinum toxin type A (BoNTA) administration by intravesical electromotive into the bladder resulting in bladder function im...
The objective of this article is to present 3 various types of gummy smile treated with botulinum toxin-A injection per site at Yonsei points. The patients, who visited the department to demand a more...
Botulinum toxin has emerged as an important therapeutic intervention within the realm of movement disorders, especially for focal and generalized dystonias. Botulinum toxin has additionally been used ...
Subtype of CLOSTRIDIUM BOTULINUM that produces botulinum toxin type G. Though it has been isolated from soil, no outbreaks involving this type have been recognized.
Subtype of CLOSTRIDIUM BOTULINUM that produces botulinum toxin type C which is neurotoxic to ANIMALS, especially CATTLE, but not humans. It causes dissociation of ACTIN FILAMENTS.
Subtype of CLOSTRIDIUM BOTULINUM that produces botulinum toxin type D which is neurotoxic to ANIMALS, especially CATTLE, but not humans.
Subtype of CLOSTRIDIUM BOTULINUM that produces botulinum toxin type E which is neurotoxic to humans and animals.
Subtype of CLOSTRIDIUM BOTULINUM that produces botulinum toxin type B which is neurotoxic to humans and animals.