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Sustained Lung Inflation With CPAP in Preterm Neonates (SI-CPAP)

2019-04-19 12:44:20 | BioPortfolio

Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-04-19T12:44:20-0400

Clinical Trials [4028 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Sustained Lung Inflation in Preterm Infants

This is a randomized controlled study to investigate the effect of application of sustained lung inflation (SLI) at birth on the respiratory outcome of preterm infants with respiratory dis...

Assessment of Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Therapy in IPF

The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether biomarkers of lung injury and remodeling are responsive to effective continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment in adults with id...

Continuous Positive Airway Pressure to Improve Milder Obstructive Sleep Apnea

The purpose of this study is to determine whether functional status improves in individuals with milder obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) following continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) t...

Continuous Positive Airway Pressure as a Potential New Treatment for Cluster Headache

Cluster headache is also called suicide headache due to excruciating nocturnal attacks. There are few treatment options available. Inhalation of oxygen has shown to abort the attacks. Con...

Effects of Continuous Airway Pressure on the Ability to Heat and Humidify Air

We hypothesize that continuous positive pressure applied to the airway will decrease the ability of the nose to warm and humidify inspired air compared to zero or negative pressure. We wi...

PubMed Articles [16046 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Long-term adherence to ambulatory initiated continuous positive airway pressure in non-syndromic OSA children.

In children, the usual indications for continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) are residual OSA after adenotonsillectomy and/or persistent OSA due to obesity. Data concerning adherence (hours/night...

Does the RAM Cannula Provide Continuous Positive Airway Pressure as Effectively as the Hudson Prongs in Preterm Neonates?

 To compare the level of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) delivered by the RAM cannula system (Neotech, Valencia, CA) with that delivered by a traditional CPAP nasal delivery interface (Hu...

Normotensive patients with obstructive sleep apnoea: changes in 24-h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring with continuous positive airway pressure treatment.

Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment reduces blood pressure (BP) in obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) and hypertensive patients, but there is a lack of data about the effects of CPAP on t...

Normotensive patients with obstructive sleep apnoea: changes in 24-h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring with continuous positive airway pressure treatment.

Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment reduces blood pressure (BP) in obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) and hypertensive patients, but there is a lack of data about the effects of CPAP on t...

Marital quality, partner's engagement and continuous positive airway pressure adherence in obstructive sleep apnea.

Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is the first line therapy for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) but its effectiveness requires high adherence. We aimed to assess the impacts of the spouse's/par...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A technique of respiratory therapy, in either spontaneously breathing or mechanically ventilated patients, in which airway pressure is maintained above atmospheric pressure throughout the respiratory cycle by pressurization of the ventilatory circuit. (On-Line Medical Dictionary [Internet]. Newcastle upon Tyne(UK): The University Dept. of Medical Oncology: The CancerWEB Project; c1997-2003 [cited 2003 Apr 17]. Available from: http://cancerweb.ncl.ac.uk/omd/)

Application of positive pressure to the inspiratory phase when the patient has an artificial airway in place and is connected to a ventilator.

Non-therapeutic positive end-expiratory pressure occurring frequently in patients with severe airway obstruction. It can appear with or without the administration of external positive end-expiratory pressure (POSITIVE-PRESSURE RESPIRATION). It presents an important load on the inspiratory muscles which are operating at a mechanical disadvantage due to hyperinflation. Auto-PEEP may cause profound hypotension that should be treated by intravascular volume expansion, increasing the time for expiration, and/or changing from assist mode to intermittent mandatory ventilation mode. (From Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 12th ed, p1127)

A type of oropharyngeal airway that provides an alternative to endotracheal intubation and standard mask anesthesia in certain patients. It is introduced into the hypopharynx to form a seal around the larynx thus permitting spontaneous or positive pressure ventilation without penetration of the larynx or esophagus. It is used in place of a facemask in routine anesthesia. The advantages over standard mask anesthesia are better airway control, minimal anesthetic gas leakage, a secure airway during patient transport to the recovery area, and minimal postoperative problems.

The capability of the LUNGS to distend under pressure as measured by pulmonary volume change per unit pressure change. While not a complete description of the pressure-volume properties of the lung, it is nevertheless useful in practice as a measure of the comparative stiffness of the lung. (From Best & Taylor's Physiological Basis of Medical Practice, 12th ed, p562)

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