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Parkinson disease (PD) is a chronic degenerative disease characterized by a progressive loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra. Its pathophysiological mechanisms are still partially unknown; a main role seems to be played by chronic neuroinflammation. A few reports have addressed the possible involvement of the inflammasome in PD, just describing the protective effect of P2X7 purinergic receptor (P2X7R) blockers in murine models of the disease and in microglial cells, where NLRP3 is activated by α-Synuclein, triggering a neuroinflammation that contributes to degeneration of dopaminergic neurons. It is still unclear whether, in addition to the increased brain expression and function of the nucleotide-binding domain, leucine-rich repeat, pyrin domain containing type 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome platform, a systemic activation of such complex might participate in the pathogenesis of PD, which could be the role of the P2X7R in this scenario, and whether such patterns undergo any specific epigenetic regulation. The present study has been designed to address these issues.
The day of the study patientes underwent a complete clinical evaluation and assessment of psycho-physical abilities using specific test such as Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), Cognitive Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale (ADAS-Cog), Clinical Dementia Rating Scale, Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS). Blood samples were collected from an antecubital vein to assess serum and plasma aliquots and RNA and protein extraction from circulating lymphomonocytes .
Expression and functional activity of P2X7R-inflammasome complex will be measured by PCR and WB. Acute phase cytokines inflammasome-related levels will be determined by ELISA. The same determinations will be repeated after one year from the first visit.
Memantine, Dopamine receptor-agonists
University of Pisa
University of Pisa
Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-04-22T14:08:19-0400
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Drugs that bind to but do not activate DOPAMINE RECEPTORS, thereby blocking the actions of dopamine or exogenous agonists. Many drugs used in the treatment of psychotic disorders (ANTIPSYCHOTIC AGENTS) are dopamine antagonists, although their therapeutic effects may be due to long-term adjustments of the brain rather than to the acute effects of blocking dopamine receptors. Dopamine antagonists have been used for several other clinical purposes including as ANTIEMETICS, in the treatment of Tourette syndrome, and for hiccup. Dopamine receptor blockade is associated with NEUROLEPTIC MALIGNANT SYNDROME.
An ergot derivative that acts as an agonist at dopamine D2 receptors (DOPAMINE AGONISTS). It may also act as an antagonist at dopamine D1 receptors, and as an agonist at some serotonin receptors (SEROTONIN AGONISTS).
Drugs that bind to and activate dopamine receptors.
A dibenzothiazepine and ANTIPSYCHOTIC AGENT that targets the SEROTONIN 5-HT2 RECEPTOR; HISTAMINE H1 RECEPTOR, adrenergic alpha1 and alpha2 receptors, as well as the DOPAMINE D1 RECEPTOR and DOPAMINE D2 RECEPTOR. It is used in the treatment of SCHIZOPHRENIA; BIPOLAR DISORDER and DEPRESSIVE DISORDER.
Compounds that bind to and stimulate PURINERGIC P2X RECEPTORS. Included under this heading are agonists for specific P2X receptor subtypes.
Neurology - Central Nervous System (CNS)
Alzheimer's Disease Anesthesia Anxiety Disorders Autism Bipolar Disorders Dementia Epilepsy Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Neurology Pain Parkinson's Disease Sleep Disorders Neurology is the branch of me...
The development and maintenance of an organism is orchestrated by a set of chemical reactions that switch parts of the genome off and on at strategic times and locations. Epigenetics is the study of these reactions and the factors that influence them. ...