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ThOracic Ultrasound in Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis Evolution

2019-05-14 19:07:22 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is one of the most common chronic idiopathic fibrotic interstitial lung disease (ILD). IPF is an evolving disease that requires regular follow-up through clinical examination, respiratory functional investigations and thoracic CT. Thoracic CT is necessary for the follow-up, usually performed yearly, and in case of deterioration of respiratory function. The disadvantages to its realization are the repeated irradiation, the cost, the accessibility, and sometimes the difficulties of realization related to the supine position.

Several signs of thoracic ultrasound have been described in ILD, including the number of B lines, the irregularity of the pleural line, and the thickening of the pleural line. Cross-sectional studies have correlated the intensity of these signs with the severity of fibrosis lesions on chest CT in patients with ILD, including IPF. However, no studies have prospectively described the evolution of ultrasound signs in the same IPF patient, or their correlation to clinical, functional and CT scan evolution.

The hypothesis is that thoracic ultrasound is a relevant tool to highlight the evolution of pulmonary lesions in IPF.

The main objective is to show with thoracic ultrasound an increase in one or more of the ultrasound signs: line B score, pleural line irregularity score, and pleural line thickness during the follow-up of patient with IPF.

The study will enroll patients with a validated diagnosis of IPF in a multidisciplinary staff. At each follow-up visit, patients will have a clinical examination, pulmonary functional test and thoracic ultrasound. The CT data collected will include the last thoracic CT performed in the 3 months before the inclusion and those performed during the patient's participation. The presence, location and severity of ultrasound signs, will be recorded for each patient during successive reassessments and correlation to clinical, functional and CT scan evolution will be made.

This study will add significant knowledge in the study of ultrasound signs evolution in patients with IPF. If there is a correlation with the clinical or CT scores, it will be possible to carry over the realization of the CTs to limit the irradiation of the patients. Conversely, early detection of worsening ultrasound signs may lead to faster therapeutic adjustments to limit the extent of irreversible fibrotic lesions.

Description

- Clinical and scientic background Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is defined by an inflammatory, often fibrotic, and diffuse process, predominant in the pulmonary interstitium. Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is one of the most common chronic idiopathic fibrotic interstitial lung disease. IPF is an scalable disease that requires regular follow-up through clinical examination and respiratory functional investigations. A thoracic CT scan is usually performed annually in the absence of exacerbation. CT scan is essential for initial diagnosis and follow-up, especially in case of deterioration of respiratory function. The main disadvantages to its realization are the repeated irradiation, the cost, the accessibility, and sometimes the difficulties of realization related to the supine position and the maintenance of a prolonged apnea in patients with severe dyspnea.

For several years, the semiology of interstitial lung diseases has been enriched by the description of several signs of thoracic ultrasound, including the number of B lines, the irregularity of the pleural line, and the thickening of the pleural line. Several cross-sectional studies have correlated the intensity of these signs with the severity of fibrosis lesions on chest CT in patients with ILD, including IPF. However, no studies have prospectively described the evolution of ultrasound signs in the same IPF patient, or their correlation to clinical, functional and CT evolution.

The hypothesis is that thoracic ultrasound is a relevant tool to highlight the evolution of pulmonary lesions in IPF.

- Objective of the study: The main objective is to show with thoracic ultrasound an increase in one or more of the ultrasound signs: line B score, pleural line irregularity score, and pleural line thickness during the follow-up of patient with IPF. The secondary objectives are to evaluate the reproducibility of the measurements of the pulmonary ultrasound signs, to evaluate the association between the severity of each pulmonary ultrasound sign and the severity of the clinical, functional and CT scores and to evaluate the association between the measurement of each ultrasound sign made during a standard protocol exploring 14 intercostal spaces and a simplified protocol exploring 6 intercostal spaces.

- Design: This is a prospective, multicenter, non-interventional, prospective study evaluating patients followed for IPF at the University Hospital of Tours and the Hospital of Orléans, France.

Number of participants: 30

- Interventions and analysis: The study will enroll patients with a validated diagnosis of IPF in a multidisciplinary staff. For each patient included, study duration will be 12 months. At each follow-up visit, patients will have a clinical examination, pulmonary functional test and thoracic ultrasound. The CT data collected will include the last thoracic CT performed in the 3 months before the inclusion and those performed during the patient's participation.

Thoracic ultrasonography will be performed on D0, M3, M6, M9 and M12. It will occur during the follow-up consultation carried out as part of usual care. Thus, inclusion in the study does not change the usual rhythm of consultations or complementary examinations (pulmonary functional tests and thoracic CT scan) in the care of the patient.

A convex probe (1 to 5 MHz) will be used. The patient will be placed in right lateral decubitus then left. Thoracic ultrasonography will be timed, recorded and anonymized. It will be practiced by experienced operators and according to a validated protocol allowing the exploration of 14 intercostal spaces. The recording loops will be read over later by the operator himself and then by a second operator to evaluate the intra- and inter-operator variability respectively.

The presence, location and severity of ultrasound signs, will be recorded for each patient during successive reassessments and correlation to clinical, functional and CT scan evolution will be made.

Study Design

Conditions

Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis

Intervention

Lung ultrasound

Location

Pulmonology Department, University Hospital, Tours
Tours
France
37044

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

University Hospital, Tours

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-05-14T19:07:22-0400

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