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Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-05-21T20:22:18-0400
Nucleus accumbens plays important roles in the process of opiate addiction and initial of relapse after detoxification.According to the single-centered preliminary open-labeled prospective...
The nucleus accumbens (NAcc) has a significant role in the process of opiate addiction and the initiation of relapse after detoxification. There is evidence that deep brain stimulation (DB...
The main objective of this study is to assess the efficacy of bilateral deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the ventral capsule/ventral striatum (VC/VS) as a novel treatment in severe methamph...
The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether the Iowa/Nucleus 10/10 mm in one ear, in conjunction with a Nucleus Freedom implant in the other ear can provide useful binaural hearing in...
The opiate neurotransmitter system is thought to be involved in many abnormal mood states. Some researchers have suggested that changes in this system may trigger the switch to/from manic ...
Two case reports explore opiate use in relation to 2 different psychiatric disorders. In the first case report, the authors reported the finding that opiate abuse appeared to mitigate premorbid Touret...
Methamphetamine (MA) addiction is one of the most prevalent socioeconomic and health problems worldwide. In recent years, deep brain stimulation (DBS) has increasingly been used for the treatment of a...
Cocaine is a common abused drug that can induce abnormal synaptic and immune responses in the central nervous system (CNS). High mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) is one kind of inflammatory molecules that...
In addiction, an individual's ability to inhibit drug seeking and drug taking is thought to reflect a pathological strengthening of drug-seeking behaviors or impairments in the capacity to control mal...
Rates of suicide and opiate overdose have recently skyrocketed in the United States. In light of impulsivity and impaired motivation common in people with substance use disorders, suicidality is commo...
Surgical insertion of an electronic hearing device (AUDITORY BRAIN STEM IMPLANTS) with electrodes to the cochlea nucleus in the BRAIN STEM rather than to the inner ear as in COCHLEAR IMPLANTATION.
A composite structure of the TELENCEPHALON that is defined by connectivity. It includes the NUCLEUS ACCUMBENS; the ISLANDS OF CALLEJA; and parts of the CAUDATE NUCLEUS; the PUTAMEN; and the SUBSTANTIA INNOMINATA.
A region in the mesencephalon which is dorsomedial to the substantia nigra and ventral to the red nucleus. The mesocortical and mesolimbic dopaminergic systems originate here, including an important projection to the nucleus accumbens. Overactivity of the cells in this area has been suspected to contribute to the positive symptoms of schizophrenia.
Collection of pleomorphic cells in the caudal part of the anterior horn of the lateral ventricle, in the region of the olfactory tubercle, lying between the head of the caudate nucleus and the anterior perforated substance. It is part of the so-called ventral striatum, a composite structure considered part of the basal ganglia.
Surgical insertion of an appliance for the replacement of areas of the maxilla, mandible, and face. When only portions of the mandible are replaced, it is referred to as MANDIBULAR PROSTHESIS IMPLANTATION.