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VNS Prospective Neuromodulation of Autonomic, Immune and Gastrointestinal Systems

2019-05-21 20:22:17 | BioPortfolio

Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-05-21T20:22:17-0400

Clinical Trials [2685 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Effects of Transcutaneous Vagal Nerve Stimulation on Hemodynamics Parameters

The vagal stimulation is a promising therapy for a lot of disorders as well as hemodynamic regulatory way. In order to minimize the harm of a surgery chip implantation, actually it was dev...

The Effect of Transcutaneous Vagal Nerve Stimulation on Reducing Oesophageal Pain Hypersensitivity

We are evaluating the role of transcutaneous electrical vagal nerve stimulation in the prevention of oesophageal pain hypersensitivity using a validated human model in healthy volunteers.

Electrical Vagal Nerve Stimulation in Ulcerative Colitis

There are approximately 2.5-3 million patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) across Europe, with associated healthcare costs of €4.6-5.6 billion per annum (1). IBD is associated ...

Vagal Stimulation in POTS

The purpose of this study is to investigate how the electrical stimulation of a nerve in the skin of the earlobe (transcutaneous vagal nerve stimulation), alone or in combination with two ...

Vagal Nerve Stimulation and Glucose Metabolism

The overall aim of this application is to determine the mechanism(s) by which common bariatric surgical procedures alter carbohydrate metabolism. The study proposed will examine the effect...

PubMed Articles [12483 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Vagal Nerve Stimulation for Epilepsy in Adults: a Database Risk Analysis and Review of the Literature.

Epilepsy is one of the most common neurologic disorders, and often remains refractory despite pharmacologic treatment. In patients unamenable to surgical resection of seizure foci, vagal nerve stimula...

Abdominal vagal deafferentation alters affective behaviors in rats.

There is growing evidence for a role of abnormal gut-brain signaling in disorders involving altered mood and affect, including depression. Studies using vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) suggest that the ...

Medial septal cholinergic mediation of hippocampal theta rhythm induced by vagal nerve stimulation.

Electrical vagal nerve stimulation (VNS) has been used for years to treat patients with drug-resistant epilepsy. This technique also remains under investigation as a specific treatment of patients wit...

Chronic vagal nerve stimulation exerts additional beneficial effects on the beta-blocker-treated failing heart.

Vagal nerve stimulation (VNS) induces bradycardia in chronic heart failure (CHF). We hypothesized that beta-blocker would cover the beneficial effects of VNS on CHF if the anti-beta-adrenergic effect ...

Vagus nerve stimulation reduces ventricular arrhythmias and increases ventricular electrical stability.

Transcutaneous stimulation of the auricular branch of the vagus nerve (AB-VNS) is a potentially non-invasive, inexpensive and safe approach for vagus nerve stimulation that suppresses the induction an...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An autoimmune disease characterized by weakness and fatigability of proximal muscles, particularly of the pelvic girdle, lower extremities, trunk, and shoulder girdle. There is relative sparing of extraocular and bulbar muscles. CARCINOMA, SMALL CELL of the lung is a frequently associated condition, although other malignancies and autoimmune diseases may be associated. Muscular weakness results from impaired impulse transmission at the NEUROMUSCULAR JUNCTION. Presynaptic calcium channel dysfunction leads to a reduced amount of acetylcholine being released in response to stimulation of the nerve. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp 1471)

A visual symptom in which a single object is perceived by the visual cortex as two objects rather than one. Disorders associated with this condition include REFRACTIVE ERRORS; STRABISMUS; OCULOMOTOR NERVE DISEASES; TROCHLEAR NERVE DISEASES; ABDUCENS NERVE DISEASES; and diseases of the BRAIN STEM and OCCIPITAL LOBE.

Diseases of the twelfth cranial (hypoglossal) nerve or nuclei. The nuclei and fascicles of the nerve are located in the medulla, and the nerve exits the skull via the hypoglossal foramen and innervates the muscles of the tongue. Lower brain stem diseases, including ischemia and MOTOR NEURON DISEASES may affect the nuclei or nerve fascicles. The nerve may also be injured by diseases of the posterior fossa or skull base. Clinical manifestations include unilateral weakness of tongue musculature and lingual dysarthria, with deviation of the tongue towards the side of weakness upon attempted protrusion.

Experimental animal models for human AUTOIMMUNE DISEASES OF THE NERVOUS SYSTEM. They include GUILLAIN-BARRE SYNDROME (see NEURITIS, AUTOIMMUNE, EXPERIMENTAL); MYASTHENIA GRAVIS (see MYASTHENIA GRAVIS, AUTOIMMUNE, EXPERIMENTAL); and MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS (see ENCEPHALOMYELITIS, AUTOIMMUNE, EXPERIMENTAL).

Complete or severe weakness of the muscles of respiration. This condition may be associated with MOTOR NEURON DISEASES; PERIPHERAL NERVE DISEASES; NEUROMUSCULAR JUNCTION DISEASES; SPINAL CORD DISEASES; injury to the PHRENIC NERVE; and other disorders.

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