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In Slovenia, tick-borne encephalitis and Lyme borreliosis are both endemic diseases with high incidence rates and they are both transmitted by a bite of infected Ixodes ricinus tick. In clinical practice, tick-borne encephalitis is confirmed by demonstration of tick-borne encephalitis antibodies in serum of a patient with compatible clinical presentation and cerebrospinal pleocytosis. Patients with Lyme meningitis or meningoradiculitis also have cerebrospinal pleocytosis, however the presence of borrelial antibodies in serum does not attest Lyme neuroborreliosis. Patients with tick-borne encephalitis and positive borrelial antibodies in serum, but not fulfilling criteria for Lyme neuroborreliosis, are often being treated with antibiotics in several European countries due to the possibility of double infection. The investigators hypothesise that such patients do not benefit from antibiotics. Such an approach may appear safe regarding the possibility of borrelial infection, however it can also be associated with detrimental consequences such as antibiotic related adverse reactions, negative epidemiological impact on bacterial resistance, and intravenous catheter related complications.
Tick Borne Encephalitis
Doxycycline, Symptomatic therapy, Questionnaire
University Medical Center Ljubljana
University Medical Centre Ljubljana
Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-05-23T20:21:33-0400
The purpose of this study is to assess the safety of a vaccination schedule consisting of two vaccinations (21-35 days apart) with the tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) vaccine FSME-IMMUN NEW ...
Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) is a viral illness common in the Northern Hemisphere, especially Europe and Asia. TBE infection may lead to central nervous system problems and death. The pur...
The purpose of this study is to evaluate a) whether the seroconversion rates in children are equivalent after two and/or three partial vaccinations with TICOVAC 0.25 mL and TICOVAC 0.5 mL,...
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety, immunogenicity and tolerability of TBE vaccines administered to children.
The objective of this study is to establish the earliest time point at which vaccines are expected to show seropositive antibody levels after vaccination with FSME-IMMUN 0.5 mL using a rap...
To evaluate the efficacy of different methods of antivirus therapy of tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) in children in the acute period and during chronic infections.
Recent studies suggest that clinical presentation of tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) is determined by the host immune responses to the tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV). The aim of the study is to ch...
Tick-borne co-infections are a serious epidemiological and clinical problem. Only a few studies aimed to investigate the effect of tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) and human granulocytic anaplasmosis (HG...
Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) is an acute human arboviral infection of the central nervous system caused by a virus that is transmitted to humans mainly by tick bites. TBE is endemic in Europe and has...
Molecular genetic monitoring of natural focal of tick-borne infections in the epidemic season of 2018 revealed infectiousness of ixodid ticks causative agents of tick-borne encephalitis (0.58% of case...
Encephalitis caused by neurotropic viruses that are transmitted via the bite of TICKS. In Europe, the diseases are caused by ENCEPHALITIS VIRUSES, TICK-BORNE, which give rise to Russian spring-summer encephalitis, central European encephalitis, louping ill encephalitis, and related disorders. Powassan encephalitis occurs in North America and Russia and is caused by the Powassan virus. ASEPTIC MENINGITIS and rarely encephalitis may complicate COLORADO TICK FEVER which is endemic to mountainous regions of the western United States. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1996, Ch26, pp14-5)
The largest genus of TICKS in the family IXODIDAE, containing over 200 species. Many infest humans and other mammals and several are vectors of diseases such as LYME DISEASE, tick-borne encephalitis (ENCEPHALITIS, TICK-BORNE), and KYASANUR FOREST DISEASE.
A subgroup of the genus FLAVIVIRUS that causes encephalitis and hemorrhagic fevers and is found in eastern and western Europe and the former Soviet Union. It is transmitted by TICKS and there is an associated milk-borne transmission from viremic cattle, goats, and sheep.
Chemical, biological, or medical measures designed to prevent the spread of ticks or the concomitant infestations which result in tick-borne diseases. It includes the veterinary as well as the public health aspects of tick and mite control.
Bacterial, viral, or parasitic diseases transmitted to humans and animals by the bite of infected ticks. The families Ixodidae and Argasidae contain many bloodsucking species that are important pests of man and domestic birds and mammals and probably exceed all other arthropods in the number and variety of disease agents they transmit. Many of the tick-borne diseases are zoonotic.
An antibody is a protein produced by the body's immune system when it detects harmful substances, called antigens. Examples of antigens include microorganisms (such as bacteria, fungi, parasites, and viruses) and chemicals. Antibodies may be produc...
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