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Maternal Antiviral Treatment and Infants Immunoprophylaxis in the Prevention of Mother-to-child Transmission

2019-06-13 02:19:18 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The effective control of nucleos(t)ide analogues for patients infected with hepatitis B has significantly curbed the horizontal transmission of hepatitis B. However, the vertical transmission remains a serious threat to public health for directly increasing the burden of hepatitis B worldwide with the transmission rate up to 80 to 90% among high HBV DNA level if untreated. Currently, the effective prevention of mother-to-child transmission is credited to the implement of HBV vaccination and hepatitis B virus immunoglobin. To leave nobody behind, a growing body of evidence has been yielded to support the use of nucleos(t)ide analogues in the mothers during the late pregnancy. However, the clinical practice can be more complex. Therefore, investigators aim to assess the effectiveness of maternal antiviral therapy and different infants immunoprophylaxis strategy in the prevention of chronic hepatitis infection among children whose mothers were infected with chronic hepatitis B infection in the real world setting.

Description

From 2011 to 2017, the investigators consecutively enrolled the pregnant women with chronic hepatitis B infection who were less than 28 weeks pregnant and not treated with nucleos(t)ide analogues during pregnancy. The investigators recommended those pregnant women with HBV DNA > 2*10^6 IU/ml to receive nucleos(t)ide analogues from 28 weeks of pregnancy to delivery. Patients who agreed the antiviral treatment would assigned to the treatment group and those who declined it were assigned to the control group with high HBV DNA level. Meanwhile, those pregnant women with HBV DNA < 2*10^6 IU/ml was assigned as the control group with low HBV DNA level. All infants would be instructed to receive hepatitis B vaccine and hepatitis B virus immunoglobulin within 24 hours after birth, defined as the standard immunoprophylaxis strategy and encouraged to receive immunoprophylaxis within 2 hours after birth, defined as the aggressive immunoprophylaxis strategy. Umbilical cord blood were collected to determine the HBV serological markers and HBV DNA level. Children were followed every three to four years until December 2018.

Study Design

Conditions

Hepatitis B

Intervention

nucleos(t)ide analogue

Location

The First People's Hospital of Taicang
Suzhou
Jiangsu
China
215400

Status

Completed

Source

Huashan Hospital

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-06-13T02:19:18-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans due to infection by VIRUSES. There are several significant types of human viral hepatitis with infection caused by enteric-transmission (HEPATITIS A; HEPATITIS E) or blood transfusion (HEPATITIS B; HEPATITIS C; and HEPATITIS D).

A family of hepatotropic DNA viruses which contains double-stranded DNA genomes and causes hepatitis in humans and animals. There are two genera: AVIHEPADNAVIRUS and ORTHOHEPADNAVIRUS. Hepadnaviruses include HEPATITIS B VIRUS, duck hepatitis B virus (HEPATITIS B VIRUS, DUCK), heron hepatitis B virus, ground squirrel hepatitis virus, and woodchuck hepatitis B virus (HEPATITIS B VIRUS, WOODCHUCK).

A species in the genus HEPATOVIRUS containing one serotype and two strains: HUMAN HEPATITIS A VIRUS and Simian hepatitis A virus causing hepatitis in humans (HEPATITIS A) and primates, respectively.

INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans caused by HEPATITIS DELTA VIRUS, a defective RNA virus that can only infect HEPATITIS B patients. For its viral coating, hepatitis delta virus requires the HEPATITIS B SURFACE ANTIGENS produced by these patients. Hepatitis D can occur either concomitantly with (coinfection) or subsequent to (superinfection) hepatitis B infection. Similar to hepatitis B, it is primarily transmitted by parenteral exposure, such as transfusion of contaminated blood or blood products, but can also be transmitted via sexual or intimate personal contact.

INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans caused by HEPATITIS C VIRUS, a single-stranded RNA virus. Its incubation period is 30-90 days. Hepatitis C is transmitted primarily by contaminated blood parenterally, and is often associated with transfusion and intravenous drug abuse. However, in a significant number of cases, the source of hepatitis C infection is unknown.

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