Taking Action: a Care for Type 2 Diabetes Intervention for Couples

2019-07-16 10:38:56 | BioPortfolio


Communal coping consists of the appraisal of a problem as shared and collaboration to manage the problem. Among individuals with type 2 diabetes, self-report, daily diary, and observational measures of communal coping have been linked to better relationship and health outcomes. While communal coping has been linked to positive adjustment outcomes, there are no interventions that incorporate both components of communal coping theory; interventions often focus on collaborative strategies but do not emphasize a shared appraisal. However, focusing on the shared appraisal component of communal coping may be the critical component to affect change. The primary goal of this study will be to design an intervention that fosters both a shared appraisal and collaboration in individuals with type 2 diabetes. The second goal is to explore two potential mechanisms that may drive the links of the intervention to outcomes—perceived emotional responsiveness and self-efficacy.


Participants will be 60 couples recruited from a previous research study in which one person has type 2 diabetes. We will recruit 60 couples based on power analyses of collaboration based interventions. The design will be a two-group pretest-posttest design in which couples will be randomly assigned to one of two conditions: communal coping or diabetes education. All couples will engage in 1) an in-person session, 2) a 7-day daily diary protocol, and 3) a phone call follow-up 1 month later. All participants will come into the laboratory at Carnegie Mellon University to complete a baseline questionnaire and listen to a brief diabetes education from the American Association of Diabetes Educators. Couples in the intervention group will then participate in the communal coping intervention. This intervention aims to foster a shared appraisal and collaboration through: the discussion of past joint coping, education about communal coping (e.g. what it is and why it is beneficial), and discussions to foster the perception of diabetes as shared. Participants in the intervention group will also create collaborative action plans to increase collaboration—collaborative intentions have been shown to successfully impact health outcomes for patients with type 2 diabetes. Couples in the intervention group will also receive two daily text messages—one a general reminder to engage in communal coping and the other one of the collaborative intentions they created during the in-person session.

There will be two follow-up periods after this in-person session. First, all couples will answer daily questionnaires over a 7-day period starting the day after the in-person session. The second follow-up will be one month after the daily diary period, when couples will receive a follow up phone call to assess how the primary outcomes of interest changed over a longer period of time.

Study Design


Type 2 Diabetes


Communal Coping Intervention, Diabetes Education


Not yet recruiting


Carnegie Mellon University

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-07-16T10:38:56-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The time period before the development of symptomatic diabetes. For example, certain risk factors can be observed in subjects who subsequently develop INSULIN RESISTANCE as in type 2 diabetes (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 2).

A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.

Urination of a large volume of urine with an increase in urinary frequency, commonly seen in diabetes (DIABETES MELLITUS; DIABETES INSIPIDUS).

The state of PREGNANCY in women with DIABETES MELLITUS. This does not include either symptomatic diabetes or GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE induced by pregnancy (DIABETES, GESTATIONAL) which resolves at the end of pregnancy.

Excessive thirst manifested by excessive fluid intake. It is characteristic of many diseases such as DIABETES MELLITUS; DIABETES INSIPIDUS; and NEPHROGENIC DIABETES INSIPIDUS. The condition may be psychogenic in origin.

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