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Lung cancer, one of the malignant tumors which poses a threat to human's health, has increased morbidity and mortality recently. Radiotherapy, as one of the common treatments, has important value in clinical application. Esophageal cancer, one of the most common digestive system cancers, has poor prognosis and high mortality. Esophageal cancer has high aggressive and many patients can't get surgical treatment because of the tumor metastasis at the time of diagnosis.Currently, chemoradiotherapy has become one of the standard treatment regimens for patients with unresectable esophageal cancer in National Comprehensive Cancer Network(NCCN). So radiotherapy is one of the most important treatments in esophageal cancer.
Currently, the efficacy evaluation method of radiotherapy is by imaging examination after several courses of treatment. However, new reports suggest that circulating tumor DNA(ctDNA) has the potential to be an indicator of therapeutic effectiveness and recurrence risk.
Circulating free DNA (cfDNA) can be found dissolved in plasma and serum, at variable amounts. In the case of cancer patients, ctDNA is a fraction of the cfDNA derived from tumor. Currently, the ctDNA is widely used in "liquid biopsy" for not only does it carry the same somatic alterations as the tumor itself but also its percentage is correlated with tumor burden.
This study will investigate the clinical value of efficacy evaluation and prognosis of ctDNA detecting technique in patients with radiotherapy.
Department of Radiation Oncology, Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical sciences
Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences
Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-07-16T10:38:57-0400
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Tumors or cancer of the LUNG.
Malignant neoplasm arising from the epithelium of the BRONCHI. It represents a large group of epithelial lung malignancies which can be divided into two clinical groups: SMALL CELL LUNG CANCER and NON-SMALL-CELL LUNG CARCINOMA.
Nuclear phosphoprotein encoded by the p53 gene (GENES, P53) whose normal function is to control CELL PROLIFERATION and APOPTOSIS. A mutant or absent p53 protein has been found in LEUKEMIA; OSTEOSARCOMA; LUNG CANCER; and COLORECTAL CANCER.
A heterogeneous aggregate of at least three distinct histological types of lung cancer, including SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA; ADENOCARCINOMA; and LARGE CELL CARCINOMA. They are dealt with collectively because of their shared treatment strategy.
A form of highly malignant lung cancer that is composed of small ovoid cells (SMALL CELL CARCINOMA).
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