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Nivolumab (BMS-936558) is a fully human, IgG4 (kappa) isotype mAb that binds PD-1 on activated immune cells and disrupts engagement of the receptor with its ligands PD-L1 (B7 H1/CD274) and PD-L2 (B7-DC/CD273), thereby abrogating inhibitory signals and augmenting the host antitumor response. In early clinical trials, nivolumab has demonstrated activity in several tumor types, including melanoma, renal cell carcinoma (RCC), and non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).
Nivolumab is in clinical development for the treatment of patients with NSCLC, RCC, melanoma, squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN) and other tumors (eg, glioblastoma multiforme, mesothelioma, small cell lung cancer, gastric).
Nivolumab is approved in the United States (US), European Union, and other countries for the treatment of patients with unresectable or metastatic melanoma, advanced NSCLC with progression on or after platinum-based chemotherapy, advanced RCC whose disease progressed on an antiangiogenic therapy, classical Hodgkin lymphoma that has relapsed or progressed after autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation and post-transplantation brentuximab vedotin treatment, and recurrent or metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck with disease progression on or after a platinum-based therapy.
The proposed study will evaluate the efficacy and safety of preoperative administration of Nivolumab or Nivolumab combined with nab-paclitaxel and carboplatin in neoadjuvant setting and administration of Nivolumab in adjuvant setting in patients with high-risk resectable NSCLC, and will facilitate a comprehensive exploratory characterization of the tumor immune microenvironment and circulating immune cells in these patients. Data obtained in this study will provide valuable information for planning further prospective clinical trials of anti-PD-1 and other immunotherapies in NSCLC, both in the peri-operative and advanced disease setting. Ultimately, it is highly desirable to discover prospective biomarkers of response and toxicity to allow patients with NSCLC who are most likely to derive benefit to receive anti-PD-1 treatment, and conversely to minimize the risk of toxicity and ineffective treatment for patients who are unlikely to benefit.
Non Small Cell Lung Cancer
Nivolumab, carboplatin, nab-paclitaxel
Guangdong Lung Cancer Institute, Guangdong General Hospital, Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences
Not yet recruiting
Guangdong Association of Clinical Trials
Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-07-17T10:05:15-0400
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Malignant neoplasm arising from the epithelium of the BRONCHI. It represents a large group of epithelial lung malignancies which can be divided into two clinical groups: SMALL CELL LUNG CANCER and NON-SMALL-CELL LUNG CARCINOMA.
A form of highly malignant lung cancer that is composed of small ovoid cells (SMALL CELL CARCINOMA).
A heterogeneous aggregate of at least three distinct histological types of lung cancer, including SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA; ADENOCARCINOMA; and LARGE CELL CARCINOMA. They are dealt with collectively because of their shared treatment strategy.
A quinazoline derivative and ANTINEOPLASTIC AGENT that functions as a PROTEIN KINASE INHIBITOR for EGFR associated tyrosine kinase. It is used in the treatment of NON-SMALL CELL LUNG CANCER.
A cell adhesion molecule that contains extracellular immunoglobulin V and C2 domains. It mediates homophilic and heterophilic cell-cell adhesion independently of calcium, and acts as a tumor suppressor in NON-SMALL-CELL LUNG CANCER (NSCLC) cells. Its interaction with NATURAL KILLER CELLS is important for their cytotoxicity and its expression by MAST CELLS plays a role in their interaction with neurons; it may also function in synapse assembly, nerve growth and differentiation.
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