Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
The prevalence of cardiometabolic risk is high among South Asians which manifests itself at an early age. Studies have reported that unhealthy food choices, inadequate physical activity and lack of awareness on healthy lifestyle practices pose a huge threat to the increasing prevalence of metabolic abnormalities even at adolescence. In an earlier study conducted in 2006, reported that 68% of the children during their early adolescence had one or more of the cardiometabolic abnormalities such as obesity, central adiposity, increased blood pressure and presence of dysglycaemia and dyslipidaemia. The risk escalated with increasing weight. Therefore, it is imperative to sensitize the children on improving their lifestyle by conducting screening tests and health education programmes in schools by involving teachers. The Investigator have also shown in a study that teachers can be instrumental in imparting knowledge on the prevention of non-communicable diseases such as diabetes by promoting healthy behavioral changes. The proposed study will focus on a) changes in the prevalence of cardiometabolic risk factors over a 10 year period b) health education programme to school children c) recommendations to school teachers (tool-kit) to inculcate improved lifestyle practices to their students.
This programme will be conducted after obtaining prior permission from the Directorate of School Education, Government of Tamil Nadu and school authorities. This study will be conducted in 22 schools in Chennai involving 2815 students of age group 12 to 18 years. Initially the study and its procedure will be explained to the principal and the teachers of the school. Request the school authority to fix a date for each standard/grade to explain about the informed consent / assent form and the study process to the students. The students will be asked to give the informed consent/assent form to their parents and asked to get their signature in the specified place. Instruction will be given to the students that their parents can call the Investigator if they have any doubts in the informed consent/assent form. After giving ample time for the informed consent process the students will be asked to give the informed consent when the research team goes to the school. The informed consent should be countersigned by the teachers to confirm the authenticity of the parent's signature. The research team gets the signature from the student in the assent form. A date is finalized with the school authority for the screening. The students are advised to come in fasting for the test. On the day of screening the student will be given a screening number. Necessary details such as personal and family information, anthropometry (height, weight, waist circumference, body fat) and blood pressure will be measured. Medical history, diet, physical activity, and sleep habits and questionnaire on awareness on diabetes will be recorded. Laboratory investigations such as fasting blood glucose, plasma insulin and lipid profile (Total Cholesterol, Triglyceride, Low-Density Lipoprotein (LDL), Very Low-Density Lipoprotein (VLDL) and High-Density Lipoprotein (HDL)) will be measured.
After the assessment, the students will be given refreshments and a few minutes of rest. The samples will be sent to the central laboratory for analyses. The reports will be distributed to the students within a week's time. Parents will be personally contacted by the research team if there is any concern in the lab report which requires medical attention.
India Diabetes Research Foundation
Not yet recruiting
India Diabetes Research Foundation & Dr. A. Ramachandran's Diabetes Hospitals
Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-07-17T10:05:16-0400
This is a multi-center, prospective study evaluating a treatment for obesity.
The purpose of this project is to establish a Center of Excellence in Research on Obesity that will focus on severe obesity. The prevalence of severe obesity (i.e., Class 2 and 3 obesity;...
The purpose of this survey is to collect the data on perceptions, behaviours and awareness related to obesity and obesity management for People with Obesity (PwO) and Health Care Professio...
Obesity affects over one third of US adults (>72 million, with BMI ≥30 kg/m2), and the proportion of US adults with BMI ≥40 kg/m2 has doubled in the last 20 years. Obesity is associate...
The purpose of this study is to design and demonstrate the feasibility of implementing moderate and intensive environmental obesity prevention programs at major worksites.
Despite extensive study of the obesity epidemic, research on whether obesity has risen faster in lower or in higher socioeconomic groups is inconsistent. This study examined secular trends in obesity ...
The prevalence of obesity in childhood is of high concern, especially in deprived populations. We explored trends in obesity following the introduction of a citywide strategy focused on preschool chil...
In clinical care, unemployed youths have limited access to available obesity treatments including obesity surgery. With the implementation of a specialized obesity outpatient unit in cooperation with ...
In Europe, although the prevalence of childhood obesity seems to be plateauing in some countries, progress on tackling this important public health issue remains slow and inconsistent. Breastfeeding h...
Treating pediatric severe obesity is challenging because of the complex biological, behavioral, and environmental factors that underpin the disease. The multifactorial etiology of obesity combined wit...
A condition of having excess fat in the abdomen. Abdominal obesity is typically defined as waist circumferences of 40 inches or more in men and 35 inches or more in women. Abdominal obesity raises the risk of developing disorders, such as diabetes, hypertension and METABOLIC SYNDROME X.
The condition of weighing two, three, or more times the ideal weight, so called because it is associated with many serious and life-threatening disorders. In the BODY MASS INDEX, morbid obesity is defined as having a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2.
A sub-PHENOTYPE of obese individuals who have a risk for CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES between that of healthy individuals with normal weight and unhealthy individuals with obesity.
BODY MASS INDEX in children (ages 2-12) and in adolescents (ages 13-18) that is grossly above the recommended cut-off for a specific age and sex. For infants less than 2 years of age, obesity is determined based on standard weight-for-length percentile measures.
Agents that increase energy expenditure and weight loss by neural and chemical regulation. Beta-adrenergic agents and serotoninergic drugs have been experimentally used in patients with non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) to treat obesity.
Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for the body. It is usually of plant or animal origin, and contains essential nutrients, such as carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, or minerals. The substance is ingested by an organism ...
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...
Women's Health - key topics include breast cancer, pregnancy, menopause, stroke Follow and track Women's Health News on BioPortfolio: Women's Health News RSS Women'...