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Correlation of Early Postoperative Scar Appearance With Long-term Scar Outcomes

2019-07-16 10:38:50 | BioPortfolio

Summary

A retrospective cohort study of early and late period postoperative scars using previously validated survey measures and clinical photographs. The target population consists of participants treated with Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS) for a facial skin cancer by the division of dermatologic surgery. This study aims to determine if patient assessment of scar appearance correlates with physician ratings and/or third-person observer ratings. Secondary goals are to assess for correlations between early post-operative scar appearance and long-term scar appearance as well as identification of predictive factors for scar healing.

Description

Scarring is an inevitable outcome of surgical manipulation of the skin. Previous studies have shown that postoperative scarring, especially in cosmetically sensitive areas, may negatively affect patient quality of life and social interactions. The impact of surgical scarring is magnified in Mohs micrographic surgery, for which the large proportion of treated lesions are in highly visible areas, such as the head, face, and neck. Clinicians often underestimate the significance of scarring in patients' daily activities. Patients desire quick healing surgical scars in order to reintegrate into their normal social routines. Anecdotal evidence suggests that scars that heal well early in the post-operative period will achieve better results in the late postoperative period. Determining a model of early and late surgical scar evolution, as rated by patients, physicians, and third-party observers may; 1. Identify gaps between physician and patient evaluations; 2. Assist clinicians in effectively evaluating and counseling patients regarding their post-operative scar appearance.

Study Design

Conditions

Scar

Intervention

Mohs micrographic surgery

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

Abramson Cancer Center of the University of Pennsylvania

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-07-16T10:38:50-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A sharply elevated, irregularly shaped, progressively enlarging scar resulting from formation of excessive amounts of collagen in the dermis during connective tissue repair. It is differentiated from a hypertrophic scar (CICATRIX, HYPERTROPHIC) in that the former does not spread to surrounding tissues.

A surgical technique used primarily in the treatment of skin neoplasms, especially basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin. This procedure is a microscopically controlled excision of cutaneous tumors either after fixation in vivo or after freezing the tissue. Serial examinations of fresh tissue specimens are most frequently done.

Solitary or multiple benign hepatic vascular tumors, usually occurring in women of 20-50 years of age. The nodule, poorly encapsulated, consists of a central stellate fibrous scar and normal liver elements such as HEPATOCYTES, small BILE DUCTS, and KUPFFER CELLS among the intervening fibrous septa. The pale colored central scar represents large blood vessels with hyperplastic fibromuscular layer and narrowing lumen.

Surgical procedures conducted with the aid of computers. This is most frequently used in orthopedic and laparoscopic surgery for implant placement and instrument guidance. Image-guided surgery interactively combines prior CT scans or MRI images with real-time video.

A test to determine the relative hardness of a metal, mineral, or other material according to one of several scales, such as Brinell, Mohs, Rockwell, Vickers, or Shore. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)

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