Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
Sanfilippo syndrome, or mucopolysaccharidosis type III (MPS III), is a disorder of metabolism, associated with insufficient production of a lysosomal enzyme needed for normal cell function. As a consequence of the cellular dysfunction, patients with this disorder develop progressive, irreversible neurodegeneration. Sadly, to date no evidence-based treatments are available.
Inflammation has been connected with disease pathogenesis in the MPS disorders. Therapies aimed at decreasing inflammation are currently being studied in many MPS disorders and benefits in both brain and other parts of the body have been reported.Decreasing interleukin-1 (IL-1) in an animal model of MPS III showed benefits in brain disease and behavior. Thus, we think that anakinra (Kineret), which decreases IL-1 levels in the body, will improve behavioral and other problems in children with MPS III.
Anakinra is approved by the FDA for treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and neonatal-onset multisystem inflammatory disease (NOMID). It is not approved for any MPS disorder.
The design of this study is an open-label, single center, pilot study of 20 participants with MPS III. There will be an initial screening visit, followed by an 8-week observational period, then a 36-week treatment period, and finally another 8-week observational period to determine any effects of withdrawal from the treatment.
During visits the participants will undergo a medical history, a physical examination, and anthropometric measurements. Blood, urine, and stool will be collected for biomarker levels and safety laboratory studies. Questionnaires will be completed with questions related to behavior, stooling, sleep, and activities of daily living. Seizure and movement disorders will be monitored as well.
The most common risks of receiving anakinra, based on RA and NOMID experience, include local injection site reactions, headache, nausea, vomiting, arthralgia, and flu-like symptoms. The most serious potential risk is a serious infection and neutropenia. However, because so few people with MPS have been treated with anakinra, all the risks related to MPS patients receiving anakinra are not currently known. Additional risks related to taking part in the study include some pain, bruising, and/or bleeding due to blood draws/peripheral IV placement, and discomfort with completing some of the questionnaires.
The expected potential direct benefits include, but are not limited to, improved behavior, sleep, stooling, communication, mood, and gait; as well as decreased seizure frequency, disordered movement and fatigue. However, there is no guarantee that participants will get any benefit from being in this study.
Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center
Not yet recruiting
Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute
Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-07-18T10:31:08-0400
OBJECTIVES Primary: To evaluate efficacy of treatment with anakinra in subjects with CF who are ≥ 12 years of age by means of lung clearance index (LCI). Secondary To eval...
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) can result in right ventricular failure and death. Anakinra has been used in patients with left sided heart failure, and the present study looks to de...
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the long-term efficacy and safety of rhASB treatment in patients with Mucopolysaccharidosis VI.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate how anakinra relieves pain for patients with acute gout that cannot take non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and colchicine. The patient...
The purpose of this study in patients with mucopolysaccharidosis type II (MPS II) is below, - to collect the safety information of JR-141 - to evaluate the plasma pharmacokinetics ...
The EU indication for anakinra has been extended to include Still's disease, a serious rare inflammatory disorder of unknown aetiology that comprises adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD) and systemic ju...
This trial (20010168) studied how body weight (BW) and body mass index (BMI) influenced the PK of anakinra. Subjects (n=32) were assigned to 4 groups (n = 8) according to BW and BMI. Randomization was...
Mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) type VI, also known as Maroteaux-Lamy syndrome, is an autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disorder caused by a deficiency in arylsulfatase B (ARSB) enzyme. Our objectives...
Focal and Segmental Glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) is a severe glomerulopathy that frequently leads to end stage renal disease. Only a subset of patients responds to current therapies, making it important ...
The aim of this study was to analyze the clinical and imaging features of a pediatric patient with mucopolysaccharidosis type IIIA (MPS IIIA) and a novel mutation of the N-sulfoglucosamine sulfohydrol...
Mucopolysaccharidosis with excessive chondroitin sulfate B in urine, characterized by dwarfism and deafness. It is caused by a deficiency of N-acetylgalactosamine-4-sulfatase (arylsulfatase B).
Mucopolysaccharidosis characterized by excessive dermatan and heparan sulfates in the urine and Hurler-like features. It is caused by a deficiency of beta-glucuronidase.
Mucopolysaccharidosis characterized by heparitin sulfate in the urine, progressive mental retardation, mild dwarfism, and other skeletal disorders. There are four clinically indistinguishable but biochemically distinct forms, each due to a deficiency of a different enzyme.
Systemic lysosomal storage disease caused by a deficiency of alpha-L-iduronidase (IDURONIDASE) and characterized by progressive physical deterioration with urinary excretion of DERMATAN SULFATE and HEPARAN SULFATE. There are three recognized phenotypes representing a spectrum of clinical severity from severe to mild: Hurler's syndrome, Hurler-Scheie syndrome and Scheie's syndrome (formerly mucopolysaccharidosis V). Symptoms may include DWARFISM, hepatosplenomegaly, gargoyle-like facies, corneal clouding, cardiac complications, and noisy breathing. Hunter syndrome (MUCOPOLYSACCHARIDOSIS II) and Hurler syndrome were each originally called "gargoylism" because of the coarseness of the facial features of affected individuals.
Systemic lysosomal storage disease marked by progressive physical deterioration and caused by a deficiency of L-sulfoiduronate sulfatase. This disease differs from MUCOPOLYSACCHARIDOSIS I by slower progression, lack of corneal clouding, and X-linked rather than autosomal recessive inheritance. The mild form produces near-normal intelligence and life span. The severe form usually causes death by age 15.
Enzymes are proteins that catalyze (i.e., increase the rates of) chemical reactions. In enzymatic reactions, the molecules at the beginning of the process, called substrates, are converted into different molecules, called products. Almost all chemical re...