Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
The aim of the study is to accomplish a complete bone status of patients with HPP using new approaches to assess bone quality.
Hypophosphatasia (HPP) is a hereditary disease of bone metabolism that is not yet curable. Clinical phenotype is variable and reaches from demineralization of bone, deformation of the skeleton, microsomia and gait abnormality to breathing difficulties. Symptoms of the adult form are low-traumatic fractures, hip or thigh pain and arthropathy. Cause of the disease is a mutation in the ALPL-gene (1p36.1-p34) coding for the tissue-nonspecific isoenzyme of alkaline phosphatase (TNAP) in liver, bone and kidney. This leads to a low activity of alkaline phosphatase (AP) and elevated levels of phosphoethanolamine (PEA) in urine.
HPP is a very rare disease with a prevalence of ~1/100 000. The Medical Department II of the St. Vincent Hospital Vienna, Department of the Medical University of Vienna and the Sigmund Freud University Vienna is a department that is specialized on bone diseases and, as a member of "Orphanet", also on In particular, (i) bone microstructure as a main component of bone strength and (ii) circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) as promising biomarkers for bone diseases will be analyzed in patients with HPP and age-, and gender-matched healthy controls.
Microstructural deteriorations of cortical and trabecular bone as well as volumetric bone density (vBMD) in radius and tibia in patients with HPP will be compared to healthy individuals using HR-pQCT (High resolution peripheral quantitative computer tomography, Scanco Medical, Brütisellen). HR-pQCT is a high-resolution, non-invasive technique to measure cortical and trabecular bone mircostructures as well as vBMD at a high resolution level (82µm).
Micro-RNAs (miRNAs) are short, non-coding RNA molecules of which some have been identified as bone specific (e.g. miR-31, miR-335, miR-155, miR-29b, miR-188, miR-550a). They play a significant role in bone metabolism controlling synthesis and function of osteoblasts as well as osteoclasts.
In recent studies we could show that these microRNAs can be detected in serum and that their serum concentration correlates with the risk for osteoporotic fractures. Data for patients with HPP do not exist yet. miRNAs will be measured by qPCR (quantitative polymerase chain reaction) in serum of patients with HPP and respective controls.
In addition, measurements of areal BMD (aBMD) by DXA (Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry) and DXL (Dual X-ray and Laser) will be performed. Vitamin D and established bone turnover markers including PINP (N-terminal propeptide of type I collagen), CTX (collagen type 1 cross-linked C-telopeptid) and sclerostin will be analyzed. Moreover, body composition will be determined.
HR-pQCT scans, BMD measurements, bone specific circulating microRNAs (miRNAs)
Medical University Vienna; St. Vincent Hospital
Medical University of Vienna
Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-07-15T10:04:49-0400
Childhood obesity certainly increases susceptibility to type 2 diabetes (T2D) in adulthood. Recently, microRNAs (miRNAs) are closely related to various diseases and have been suggested as ...
microRNAs (miRNAs) regulate fundamental cell processes. Dysregulation of miRNA expression and function is reported in various diseases including cancer, metabolic disorders as well as neur...
Cirrhotic patients are at higher risk of sepsis due to impaired innate and adaptive immune responses. Septic complications represent a major issue in the management of cirrhotic patients, ...
The objectives are to: 1. derive and validate a panel of miRNAs that are consistently differentially expressed in the plasma of patients with and without sepsis 2. investi...
The aim of the study is knowing the prognostic value of circulating miRNAs in patients admitted to our hospital with STEMI complicated with cardiogenic shock.
In the clinical field of diagnosis and monitoring of bone diseases, high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography (HR-pQCT) is an important imaging modality. It provides a resolution whe...
Starting from their role exerted on osteoblast and osteoclast differentiation and activity pathways, microRNAs (miRNAs) have been recently identified as regulators of different processes in bone homeo...
In recent years, many studies focused on the association between the microRNAs (miRNAs) and the risk of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), especially miRNA-21 (miR-21). We aimed to investigate the ro...
Identifying determinants of long-term functional outcome after a distal radius fracture is challenging. Previously, we reported on the association between early HR-pQCT measurements and clinical outco...
Overtreatment is a well-known clinical challenge in local prostate cancer (PCa). Although risk assessment models have contributed to a better stratification of patients with local PCa, a tailored mana...
Small double-stranded, non-protein coding RNAs, 21-25 nucleotides in length generated from single-stranded microRNA gene transcripts by the same RIBONUCLEASE III, Dicer, that produces small interfering RNAs (RNA, SMALL INTERFERING). They become part of the RNA-INDUCED SILENCING COMPLEX and repress the translation (TRANSLATION, GENETIC) of target RNA by binding to homologous 3'UTR region as an imperfect match. The small temporal RNAs (stRNAs), let-7 and lin-4, from C. elegans, are the first 2 miRNAs discovered, and are from a class of miRNAs involved in developmental timing.
MicroRNAs found in cell-free BODY FLUIDS such as SERUM; PLASMA; SALIVA; OR URINE.
Small double-stranded, non-protein coding RNAs (21-31 nucleotides) involved in GENE SILENCING functions, especially RNA INTERFERENCE (RNAi). Endogenously, siRNAs are generated from dsRNAs (RNA, DOUBLE-STRANDED) by the same ribonuclease, Dicer, that generates miRNAs (MICRORNAS). The perfect match of the siRNAs' antisense strand to their target RNAs mediates RNAi by siRNA-guided RNA cleavage. siRNAs fall into different classes including trans-acting siRNA (tasiRNA), repeat-associated RNA (rasiRNA), small-scan RNA (scnRNA), and Piwi protein-interacting RNA (piRNA) and have different specific gene silencing functions.
Vitamin K-dependent calcium-binding protein synthesized by OSTEOBLASTS and found primarily in BONES. Serum osteocalcin measurements provide a noninvasive specific marker of bone metabolism. The protein contains three residues of the amino acid gamma-carboxyglutamic acid (Gla), which, in the presence of CALCIUM, promotes binding to HYDROXYAPATITE and subsequent accumulation in BONE MATRIX.
Immunosuppression by reduction of circulating lymphocytes or by T-cell depletion of bone marrow. The former may be accomplished in vivo by thoracic duct drainage or administration of antilymphocyte serum. The latter is performed ex vivo on bone marrow before its transplantation.
Osteoporosis is a disease in which the bones become extremely porous, are subject to fracture, and heal slowly, occurring especially in women following menopause and often leading to curvature of the spine from vertebral collapse. Follow and track&n...
Anxiety is caused by stress. It is a natural reaction, and is beneficial in helping us deal with tense situations and pressure. It is deterimental when is becomes an excessive, irrational dread of everyday situations. The most common types of anxiety di...
A joint is where two or more bones come together, like the knee, hip, elbow, or shoulder. Joints can be damaged by many types of injuries or diseases, including Arthritis - inflammation of a joint causes pain, stiffness, and swelling with ...