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To understand the mechanism and cellular functions of PTK7-associated signaling pathways in promoting lung cancer progression and conferring treatment to epidermal growth factor receptor tysosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR TKIs).
- RNA extraction: We will extract total RNA from cell lysates by using Tri-reagent (Molecular Research Center, Inc., Cincinnati, Ohio) and an RNA Mini Kit (Qiagen, Hilden, Germany) according to the manufacturer's instruction. RNA obtained from the Mini Kit column will be eluted. The quantity and quality of the purified RNA will be evaluated using a NanoDrop ND-1000 spectrophotometer will be stored at -80 °C for further mutational analyses.
- Data acquisition: We will record and follow patients' clinical information, including ethnicity, age, gender, smoking status, histological types, lung cancer stage (the TNM status), metastatic sites, ECOG score, CT/CXR imaging, chemotherapy or radiation treatment at the time of diagnosis of lung cancer and through the entire clinical courses. Specific marker such as TTF1, is used to ensure the diagnosis of primary lung tumor. Clinicopathologic stage assigns according to the seventh tumor-node-metastasis classification. We assess the treatment responses according to the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) using the unidimension method, and record the best response achieved per treatment. Treatment response, progression-free survival, and overall survival are recorded prospectively for further analysis.
- Statistical analysis: All categorical variables will be analyzed with Pearson's χ² test, except where a small size required the use of Fisher's exact test. The progression-free survival curve and overall survival will be plotted by the Kaplan-Meier method and compared by the log-rank test. Multivariate analysis for overall survival will be performed using the Cox's proportional hazards model. Two-sided p-values of less than 0.05 is considered significant. All analyses will be performed using SPSS software (version 16.0 for Windows; SPSS Inc.).
Not yet recruiting
National Taiwan University Hospital
Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-07-18T10:31:14-0400
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Proteins whose abnormal expression (gain or loss) are associated with the development, growth, or progression of NEOPLASMS. Some neoplasm proteins are tumor antigens (ANTIGENS, NEOPLASM), i.e. they induce an immune reaction to their tumor. Many neoplasm proteins have been characterized and are used as tumor markers (TUMOR MARKERS, BIOLOGICAL) when they are detectable in cells and body fluids as monitors for the presence or growth of tumors. Abnormal expression of ONCOGENE PROTEINS is involved in neoplastic transformation, whereas the loss of expression of TUMOR SUPPRESSOR PROTEINS is involved with the loss of growth control and progression of the neoplasm.
The smallest member of the MATRIX METALLOPROTEINASES. It plays a role in tumor progression.
The period of the CELL CYCLE preceding DNA REPLICATION in S PHASE. Subphases of G1 include "competence" (to respond to growth factors), G1a (entry into G1), G1b (progression), and G1c (assembly). Progression through the G1 subphases is effected by limiting growth factors, nutrients, or inhibitors.
Hypoxic conditions in tumor cells due to the tumor outgrowing its blood supply. It is associated with increased METASTASIS and resistance to RADIOTHERAPY and DRUG THERAPY.
An unusual and aggressive tumor of germ-cell origin that reproduces the extraembryonic structures of the early embryo. It is the most common malignant germ cell tumor found in children. It is characterized by a labyrinthine glandular pattern of flat epithelial cells and rounded papillary processes with a central capillary (Schiller-Duval body). The tumor is rarely bilateral. Before the use of combination chemotherapy, the tumor was almost invariably fatal. (From DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology, 3d ed, p1189)
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