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A retrospective study included fifty children with isolated PDA treated by surgical ligation from June 2015 to June 2018. Their mean age was 15.78 ± 7.58 months and 72% were females. The LV dimensions and systolic function were assessed by two-dimensional echocardiography pre PDA ligation. The mean duct size was 4.08 ± 1.25 mm.
Study population Fifty children with PDA, for whom surgical PDA ligation was done from June 2015 to June 2018. All cases were operated in cardiothoracic surgery department and were followed up by cardiothoracic surgeons and paediatricians at cardiac surgery ICU, Qena University Hospital. Their mean age at intervention was 15.78 ± 7.58 months, body surface area (BSA) 0.43±0.03 and 32 (72%) were females. The mean duct diameter was 4.08 ± 1.25 mm. The study conforms to the ethical standards of the Helsinki Declaration and approval was obtained from the institutional ethics committee of Qena Faculty of Medicine.
Surgical technique PDA ligation was performed under general anaesthesia after pre-operative anaesthetic evaluation. After single endotracheal tube anaesthesia induction; children were placed on the right lateral recumbent position fixed with adhesive plaster and a pad under the chest, the left arm raised above the head. A left mini-thoracotomy incision is done parallel to the medial border of the scapula and entrance to the thoracic cavity was via the third or fourth intercostal space. Cautiously, the ductus is identified and dissected carefully. Then it was doubly ligated with silk ligature (2/0 or 0). An intercostal tube inserted during operation and removed within 48 hours if no drainage presents.
Descriptive statistical analysis Data were arranged and analyzed utilizing Version 20 of the SPSS program (Statistical Package for Social Sciences). Continuous variables were compared using the Student paired t-test and are expressed as mean values ± standard deviation. Pearson Chi-Square tests were used to detect differences among groups for categorical variables. The relationship between PDA size and changes in echocardiographic parameters was verified using the Pearson linear correlation and the linear regression analysis. P-value of <0.05 was considered of significance.
Congenital Heart Disease in Children
South Valley University
Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-07-18T10:31:15-0400
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A condition characterized by the thickening of ENDOCARDIUM due to proliferation of fibrous and elastic tissue, usually in the left ventricle leading to impaired cardiac function (CARDIOMYOPATHY, RESTRICTIVE). It is most commonly seen in young children and rarely in adults. It is often associated with congenital heart anomalies (HEART DEFECTS CONGENITAL;) INFECTION; or gene mutation. Defects in the tafazzin protein, encoded by TAZ gene, result in a form of autosomal dominant familial endocardial fibroelastosis.
Cardiac manifestation of systemic rheumatological conditions, such as RHEUMATIC FEVER. Rheumatic heart disease can involve any part the heart, most often the HEART VALVES and the ENDOCARDIUM.
Occlusion of the outflow tract in either the LEFT VENTRICLE or the RIGHT VENTRICLE of the heart. This may result from CONGENITAL HEART DEFECTS, predisposing heart diseases, complications of surgery, or HEART NEOPLASMS.
A disease of the CARDIAC MUSCLE developed subsequent to the initial protozoan infection by TRYPANOSOMA CRUZI. After infection, less than 10% develop acute illness such as MYOCARDITIS (mostly in children). The disease then enters a latent phase without clinical symptoms until about 20 years later. Myocardial symptoms of advanced CHAGAS DISEASE include conduction defects (HEART BLOCK) and CARDIOMEGALY.
A congenital coronary vessel anomaly in which the left main CORONARY ARTERY originates from the PULMONARY ARTERY instead of from AORTA. The congenital heart defect typically results in coronary artery FISTULA; LEFT-SIDED HEART FAILURE and MITRAL VALVE INSUFFICIENCY during the first months of life.
Congenital conditions are those which are present from birth. They include structural deformities or loss of function in organs such as the <!--LGfEGNT2Lhm-->heart, gut or skeletal system. They can be corrected by <!--LGfEGNT2Lhm-->surgery, m...
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