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The aim of our study will be to establish in how many subjects with gastrointestinal symptoms and previous diagnosis of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), the clinical picture is attributable to non celiac gluten sensitivity (NCGS) or fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides and polyols (FODMAPs) intolerance. For this purpose, all subjects with IBS will take a low FODMAPs diet, which implies the absence of cereals and consequently of gluten, and those presenting symptom improvement during this dietary treatment, will be exposed to a double-blind gluten or placebo challenge, to make a diagnosis of NCGS.
For this study, patients with diagnosis of IBS performed by Rome IV criteria and followed as outpatients at the Clinical Nutrition Clinic of "Petrucciani" Nursing Home of Lecce (LE), Italy, will be enrolled.
At baseline, the enrolled subjects will follow a balanced normal-caloric low-FODMAP and gluten-free diet for a period of 30 days. At the end of the 30 days patients who did not experience an improvement in symptoms will be considered "non-responders" and discontinue the clinical trial. Only those subjects who had showed a significant improvement in symptoms, will be enrolled for the phase 2 of the study that includes a challenge with gluten or with placebo, as described by the Salerno criteria.
Non-celiac Gluten Sensitivity
diet containing gluten, Placebo
University of Bari
Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-07-18T10:31:20-0400
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A diet which is devoid of GLUTENS from WHEAT; BARLEY; RYE; and other wheat-related varieties. The diet is designed to reduce exposure to those proteins in gluten that trigger INFLAMMATION of the small intestinal mucosa in patients with CELIAC DISEASE.
Simple protein, one of the prolamines, derived from the gluten of wheat, rye, etc. May be separated into 4 discrete electrophoretic fractions. It is the toxic factor associated with CELIAC DISEASE.
A malabsorption syndrome that is precipitated by the ingestion of GLUTEN-containing foods, such as wheat, rye, and barley. It is characterized by INFLAMMATION of the SMALL INTESTINE, loss of MICROVILLI structure, failed INTESTINAL ABSORPTION, and MALNUTRITION.
A malabsorption syndrome characterized by collagenous mucosal lesions of the SMALL INTESTINE, atrophy of MICROVILLI, severe malabsorption, diarrhea, and MALNUTRITION often refractory to a gluten-free diet.
A complex network of nerve fibers including sympathetic and parasympathetic efferents and visceral afferents. The celiac plexus is the largest of the autonomic plexuses and is located in the abdomen surrounding the celiac and superior mesenteric arteries.
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