Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
In a nationwide survey in Taiwan, the increasing prevalence of myopia shows a decline with age. Myopia has become a serious ocular problem in children because high myopia may lead to retinal damage, cataract and glaucoma. A prevention of myopia progression (PMP) will be developed and examined in the study. This promotion program includes strategies such as a frequency following response, eye exercise, and transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation on the prevention of myopia progression. Eye exercise defined as a computerized image led motion. The study aims to examine the effect of the implementation on the PMP.
A sample size of 60~100 participants from an elementary school will be recruited in the randomized controlled study. Inclusion criteria are a child: (a) who has a myopia condition with the spherical equivalent objective refractive error is ≤ -0.50 diopter in either eye", (b) who did not take eye drop of atropine or cyclogel, (c) who did not take any drugs for eyes, (d) who did not wear orthokeratology lenses at least 7 days, (e)who can fill a questionnaire. Exclusion criteria include a child (a) who has any eye trauma or eye disorder.
This is an experimental study. The sequential arrangement is arranged in a random manner for the participating children. A investigation of four groups will be designed for the PMP: Group 1 (frequency following response, Group 2(frequency following response,and eye exercise), Group 3 (frequency following response, eye exercise, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation and stimulating auricular acupoints), and Group 4, the control group. The PMP implement a 30 minute intervention two times per week. Pre-test and post-test (eyeball diopter detection and Sellen's vision chart) will be carried out for four intervention. The duration of each intervention is provided for two days. The washout period following next intervention is 7 days at least. After completing four intervention, the effect of the best intervention of eight weeks will be conducted.
The evaluation time of the interventions will be observed at first-time and two-month observations. A descriptive and inferential statistics with a percentage, average, mean, standard derivation, and ANOVA by SpSS will be used for data analysis.
In the present study, we will apply the frequency following response, eye exercise, and transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation on prevention of myopia progression among Taiwan schoolchildren. The findings of the study may provide useful information for promotion and prevention of visual health for schoolchildren and their parents.
frequency following response, eye exercise, and transcutaneous
Not yet recruiting
China Medical University Hospital
Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-07-17T10:04:57-0400
Early pulmonary rehabilitation is recommended after an episode of severe exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, its implementation is challenging particular...
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Pulmonary rehabilitation effectively improves outcomes in patients with chronic respiratory ...
Study of low dose atropine in preventing the onset and progression of myopia in high risk children with pre-myopia or low-myopia.
Purpose The purpose of this study is to determine whether application of Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) is effective on habituation to electrical current whether deliv...
Overactive bladder causes urinary frequency, urgency and in some cases urgency incontinence. This study is testing the efficacy of transcutaneous tibial nerve stimulation (using skin patch...
To analyze the frequency and phenotypic variation of AMD in subjects with high myopia (HM), and to describe the clinical course and response to treatment of neovascularization (NV).
Devices for applying transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) use numerous frequency modulation patterns for decreasing habituation to currents. However, there is no evidence supporting the ...
The main aim of this work was to investigate the difference in the excitability of the soleus H-reflex in healthy volunteers following spinal transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) and hig...
With the growing prevalence of myopia, already at epidemic levels in some countries, there is an urgent need for new management approaches. However, with the increasing number of research publications...
Preconditioning exercise can exert neuroprotective effects after stroke; however, the effects of exercise intensity, frequency, duration are unknown. We investigated the neuroprotective effect of diff...
The exercise capacity of an individual as measured by endurance (maximal exercise duration and/or maximal attained work load) during an EXERCISE TEST.
Excessive axial myopia associated with complications (especially posterior staphyloma and CHOROIDAL NEOVASCULARIZATION) that can lead to BLINDNESS.
Controlled physical activity, more strenuous than at rest, which is performed in order to allow assessment of physiological functions, particularly cardiovascular and pulmonary, but also aerobic capacity. Maximal (most intense) exercise is usually required but submaximal exercise is also used. The intensity of exercise is often graded, using criteria such as rate of work done, oxygen consumption, and heart rate.
Non-ionizing electromagnetic energy in the frequency range of 100 gigahertz to 10 terahertz which spans from the mid-INFRARED RAYS frequency to the high-frequency edge of the MICROWAVES band.
Ventilatory support system using frequencies from 60-900 cycles/min or more. Three types of systems have been distinguished on the basis of rates, volumes, and the system used. They are high frequency positive-pressure ventilation (HFPPV); HIGH-FREQUENCY JET VENTILATION; (HFJV); and high-frequency oscillation (HFO).
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...
Ophthalmology is the branch of medicine that is devoted to the study and treatment of eye diseases. As well as mild visual defects correctable by lenses, ophthalmology is concerned with glaucoma, uveitis and other serious conditions affecting the eye, ...