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This is a multi-center prospective randomized controlled study. In this study, the investigators will use confocal laser endomicroscopy to make real-time in vivo optical biopsy of distal margin in rectal cancer surgery and help surgeons to make surgical decision.The investigators also assess the accuracy of CLE optical biopsy, compared with intra-operative frozen section.
In low rectal cancer surgery, how to select the precise dissection plane and optimal surgical procedure is an important challenge for surgeons. In current clinic, surgeons select dissection plane by a comprehensive judgment of pre-operative pelvis MRI, colonoscopy and digital rectal examination, then through submitting the "doughnut" after cutting and anastomosis to intra-operative frozen section (IFS) to definite whether there is residual tumor in distal margin (DM). However, IFS can only make diagnosis using the tissue specimen in vitro and time-consuming. Once the IFS confirm positive margin, it always means anal resection should be implemented to ensure radical treatment. Therefore, if there is a real-time in situ examination method to evaluate DM in vivo, it will bring great benefits to both surgeons and patients.
Confocal laser endomicroscopy (CLE) had been widely used in medical field to diagnose colorectal disease, but it is seldom applied in surgical filed especially in rectal cancer to make optical biopsy and help surgical decision-making. Therefore, the investigators hypothesize that CLE can real-time in situ evaluate DM during surgery in rectal cancer and its accuracy is non-inferior to intra-operative frozen section.
In this study, the investigators will randomly assign patients to the experimental group (CLE optical biopsy) and control group (IFS). Using H-E staining pathological diagnosis as golden standard, the accuracy, sensitivity and specificity of both CLE optical biopsy and IFS will be evaluated and compared. And the investigators will also evaluate patients' postoperative urinary function, defection function and quality of life through a year follow-up.
Probe-based confocal laser endomicroscopy optical biopsy, Intra-operative frozen section
Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University
Active, not recruiting
Nanfang Hospital of Southern Medical University
Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-07-17T10:05:00-0400
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The use of instrumentation and techniques for visualizing material and details that cannot be seen by the unaided eye. It is usually done by enlarging images, transmitted by light or electron beams, with optical or magnetic lenses that magnify the entire image field. With scanning microscopy, images are generated by collecting output from the specimen in a point-by-point fashion, on a magnified scale, as it is scanned by a narrow beam of light or electrons, a laser, a conductive probe, or a topographical probe.
The use of light interaction (scattering, absorption, and fluorescence) with biological tissue to obtain morphologically based information. It includes measuring inherent tissue optical properties such as scattering, absorption, and autofluorescence; or optical properties of exogenous targeted fluorescent molecular probes such as those used in optical MOLECULAR IMAGING, or nontargeted optical CONTRAST AGENTS.
A technique utilizing a laser coupled to a catheter which is used in the dilatation of occluded blood vessels. This includes laser thermal angioplasty where the laser energy heats up a metal tip, and direct laser angioplasty where the laser energy directly ablates the occlusion. One form of the latter approach uses an EXCIMER LASER which creates microscopically precise cuts without thermal injury. When laser angioplasty is performed in combination with balloon angioplasty it is called laser-assisted balloon angioplasty (ANGIOPLASTY, BALLOON, LASER-ASSISTED).
A light microscopic technique in which only a small spot is illuminated and observed at a time. An image is constructed through point-by-point scanning of the field in this manner. Light sources may be conventional or laser, and fluorescence or transmitted observations are possible.
A method of non-invasive, continuous measurement of MICROCIRCULATION. The technique is based on the values of the DOPPLER EFFECT of low-power laser light scattered randomly by static structures and moving tissue particulates.
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