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Impact of Socio Economic Limitations on Health Outcomes in Patients With Recent Admission for Heart Failure

2019-07-22 11:08:55 | BioPortfolio

Summary

To assess the impact of the socio-economic level on the effectiveness of a comprehensive multidisciplinary program of transitional care for crhonic heart failure patients (primary objective); to analyze this specifically in the various chronic management profiles of CHF patients and to study the associations between socio-economic level and other psychosocial aspects (secondary objective).

Description

The SELENE Study (Impact of SocioEconomic Limitations on health outcomes in patients with complex and advanced chronic cardiovascular conditions in high-standard iNtegrated care Environments) is an observational, cohort, prospective, multicenter study of consecutive patients treated in a comprehensive heart failure (HF) management program, and hospitalized by decompensated HF in our healthcare area; aimed at evaluating the impact of socioeconomic level on the effectiveness of a comprehensive multidisciplinary program of transitional care to patients with HF, both globally and in the various profiles of chronic management of HF.

In this study we aim to assess the impact of the socio-economic level on the effectiveness of a comprehensive multidisciplinary program of transitional care for chronic heart failure patients (primary objective); to analyze this specifically in the various chronic management profiles of HF patients and to study the associations between NSE and other psychosocial aspects (secondary objective).

All patients will have a detailed assessment by a social worker of a battery of psychosocial and functional variables, including educational level, functional status, cognitive status, family support, or the existence of a primary caregiver and an assessment of purchasing power through the value of monthly income. The events that will be analyzed, both for the primary objective of the study and the secondary objective related to the different follow-up profiles, will be re-admissions at 30 days (primary event), and mortality at 30, 90 and 180 days, as well as hospital admission at 90 days and 6 months (secondary events). Using the "median" income group as a reference, comparisons will be made between the rates of these events among the different groups.

The researchers hypothesize that the socioeconomic level has an impact on clinical events of HF patients so that the effectiveness of comprehensive care programs for HF is attenuated in patients with low socioeconomic level.

Study Design

Conditions

Heart Failure

Intervention

Usual Care follow-up in a heart failure program.

Location

University Hospital Bellvitge
L'Hospitalet de Llobregat
Barcelona
Spain
08907

Status

Recruiting

Source

Hospital Universitari de Bellvitge

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-07-22T11:08:55-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A heterogeneous condition in which the heart is unable to pump out sufficient blood to meet the metabolic need of the body. Heart failure can be caused by structural defects, functional abnormalities (VENTRICULAR DYSFUNCTION), or a sudden overload beyond its capacity. Chronic heart failure is more common than acute heart failure which results from sudden insult to cardiac function, such as MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.

Enlargement of the HEART, usually indicated by a cardiothoracic ratio above 0.50. Heart enlargement may involve the right, the left, or both HEART VENTRICLES or HEART ATRIA. Cardiomegaly is a nonspecific symptom seen in patients with chronic systolic heart failure (HEART FAILURE) or several forms of CARDIOMYOPATHIES.

Heart failure caused by abnormal myocardial relaxation during DIASTOLE leading to defective cardiac filling.

Heart failure caused by abnormal myocardial contraction during SYSTOLE leading to defective cardiac emptying.

Agents that have a strengthening effect on the heart or that can increase cardiac output. They may be CARDIAC GLYCOSIDES; SYMPATHOMIMETICS; or other drugs. They are used after MYOCARDIAL INFARCT; CARDIAC SURGICAL PROCEDURES; in SHOCK; or in congestive heart failure (HEART FAILURE).

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