Evaluation of Virtual Course to Increase Knowledge in Sexual Harassment,Prevention and Sanction Policies of a University

2019-07-22 11:08:56 | BioPortfolio


Sexual harassment is the behavior of sexual or sexist connotation unwanted by the affected person. Despite being considered as gender-based violence, victims of sexual harassment can be of both sexes. The university is the most frequent place where university students suffer sexual harassment. Law No. 27942 - "Ley de Prevención y Sanción del Hostigamiento Sexual" and its amendments, includes training and prevention in sexual harassment. The Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia (UPCH) has a regulation for the prevention and punishment of sexual harassment. Education through the use of Information and Communications Technologies (ICT) is presented as an alternative to face-to-face classes, optimizing resources and achieving greater scope. The early, mandatory and massive dissemination at the university of a training in sexual harassment could be achieved through a virtual course. However, there is little research on the evaluation of the effectiveness of prevention programs in sexual violence in university students. The objective is to prove that taking a virtual course about sexual harassment, prevention and sanction policies of the UPCH can achieve a greater or same knowledge of the subject in the students of the UPCH, compared to a face-to-face course. The study design is a randomized controlled trial to assess the level of knowledge in this subject, whose control group is provided classes in face-to-face mode. Also, both modalities of the course will include a survey with Likert scale to measure the degree of satisfaction with the course taken. And finally, it includes a qualitative study through focus groups with the university students of the classroom and virtual classes to know their appreciations of both modalities of the course.


Main Objective:

Compare the improvement of knowledge about sexual harassment, prevention and sanction policies of the UPCH of the asynchronous virtual course with the face-to-face course in students of the UPCH.

Study Design:

A randomized control trial will compare the improvement of knowledge among who received asynchronous virtual classes and those who received face-to-face classes by applying a pre-test and 2 post-test. The pre-test and the first post-test will be taken the day of the intervention and the second post-test will be taken after a month to measure knowledge retention.

To measure the degree of satisfaction with the course modality, the intervention's day the students will take a survey with Likert scale. And separately, some students of the intervention and control group will be interview in focus groups to know their appreciations about the satisfaction perceived with the modality of the course taken.


Undergraduate university students enrolled in the 2019-II period of the Faculty of Public Health and Administration (FASPA).


For the randomized control trial, a sample of 67 participants per group was calculated with a significance of 95%, a power of 80% and a loss of follow-up rate of 6%, to show a difference of 7% in the scores of knowledge of sexual harassment between the two groups.

For the qualitative analysis of the focus groups, for each course modality, there will be two sessions of 6 people who completed the course. However, focus groups will continue to be carried out until the sample becomes saturated, that is, until the information obtained from these meetings is redundant or the objectives of the study are clarified.

Group assignment:

Students of FASPA will be invited to participate by flyers and invitations in classrooms. Also, by e-mail they will receive an invitation with the informational consent form and a link to fill out a registration form for the ones who are interested in participating. If inclusion and exclusion criteria are met, students will be accepted to participate in the study and they will be randomly assigned to one of the two groups. Finally they will receive an e-mail confirming their participation and the available schedules for the classes.

Ethical considerations:

Students who are registered and want to participate but do not meet the inclusion and exclusion criteria of the study, will be offered the virtual course restricting the access to the evaluations.

Every participant will receive the informational consent form. Data confidentiality will be maintained. Personal identifiers will be stored in a separate database, which will be password protected and accessible only to the research team. At the end of this project, UPCH will be able to dispose of the virtual course developed in this study for the purposes that may be appropriate.

Study Design


Sexual Harassment


Face-to-face Class, Asynchronous Virtual Class


Not yet recruiting


Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-07-22T11:08:56-0400

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A form of discrimination in the workplace which violates the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Sexual harassment takes two forms: quid pro quo, where the employee must submit to sexual advances in exchange for job benefits or be penalized for refusing; or a hostile environment, where the atmosphere of the workplace is offensive and affects the employee's well-being. Offensive sexual conduct may include unwelcome advances, comments, touching, questions about marital status and sex practices, etc. Both men and women may be aggressors or victims. (Slee and Slee, Health Care Terms, 2d ed, p.404). While civil rights legislation deals with sexual harassment in the workplace, the behavior is not restricted to this; it may take place outside the work environment: in schools and colleges, athletics, and other social milieus and activities.

The act of systematic and/or continuous unwanted and irritating actions of a non-sexual nature, by a party or group against another. This behavior may include threats, BULLYING, taunts, blackmail, and demands.

Counseling conducted via electronic or other non-face-to-face interactions.

Education via communication media (correspondence, radio, television, computer networks) with little or no in-person face-to-face contact between students and teachers. (ERIC Thesaurus, 1997)

The length of the face determined by the distance of separation of jaws. Occlusal vertical dimension (OVD or VDO) or contact vertical dimension is the lower face height with the teeth in centric occlusion. Rest vertical dimension (VDR) is the lower face height measured from a chin point to a point just below the nose, with the mandible in rest position. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p250)

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