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A large proportion of men with prostate cancer are overdiagnosed and overtreated mainly due to PSA testing. Active surveillance (AS) aims to reduce these harms by recommending curative treatment only when and if signs of tumour progression occur. There are however a number of uncertainties in AS, the most important being when to initiate treatment.
Therefore, the Scandinavian Prostate Cancer Group (SPCG) are running a large multi-centre randomised control trial (RCT) to test the safety of a standardized active surveillance protocol with specific triggers for repeat biopsies and initiation of curative treatment, compared to the current practice for active surveillance. They are recruiting in multiple sites in Sweden, Denmark and Finland. The primary aim is to reduce overtreatment and subsequent side effects, without increasing the risk of disease progression or prostate cancer mortality.
In the UK, there is also no set criteria for when to re-biopsy and/or initiate curative treatment for patients on AS and tends to be at the clinician's discretion. Thus, PCASTT-UK has been established to run as a parallel RCT and add to the findings from SPCG-17.
STUDY HYPOTHESIS The aim of this trial is to test the safety of an Active Surveillance protocol comparing current practice to standardized triggers for initiation of curative treatment, based on Magnetic Resonance Imaging or biopsy pathology. The study hypothesis is that standardized triggers will reduce overtreatment without increasing disease progression and prostate cancer mortality.
STUDY DESIGN Randomized multi-centre open-label clinical trial.
INTERVENTIONS Patients within 12 months of a diagnosis of prostate cancer will be approached and consented to the study. Computerised randomisation (1:1) will assign participants to either the control (Arm 1) or intervention arm (Arm 2). In the control arm, patients will be treated according to active surveillance protocol at the trial centre; in the intervention arm patients will follow standardised active surveillance protocol applying specific criteria for repeat biopsies and the initiation of curative treatment. Patients are stratified by centre and Gleason score.
FOLLOW UP In both arms, patients will followed up for 10 years with the following schedule: a PSA test every 6 months, clinical examination (with PSA test) and Quality of Life (QoL) questionnaire annually, and MRI every second year. Re-biopsy and/or initiation of curative treatment depends on the trial arm patients are randomised to.
Arm 1 (control arm): according to current practice (urologists' judgement)
Arm 2 (intervention arm): standardised triggers
- A systematic repeat biopsy if PSA density increases to > 0.2 ng/ml/cc, and then at every 0.1 ng/ml/cc increase
- MRI progression in men with previously only Gleason grade 3+3: 5 mm or more increase in size in any dimension of a measurable lesion, increase in PI-RADS score to 3-5, a new lesion with PI-RADS score 3-5, or high or very high suspicion of extra-capsular extension or seminal vesicle invasion
- MRI progression in men with Gleason grade 3+4: 5 mm or more increase in size in any dimension of a measurable lesion, or a new lesion with PI-RADS score 3-5
Arm 1 (control arm): According to current practice (urologists judgement)
Arm 2 (intervention arm): standardised triggers
- MRI progression in lesions with confirmed Gleason grade 4: increase in PI-RADS score to 4 or 5, or high or very high suspicion of extra-capsular extension or seminal vesicle invasion
- Pathological progression: Gleason pattern 5, primary Gleason pattern 4 in any core with 5 mm or more cancer, Gleason 3+4 in 3 or more cores or 30% if more than 10 cores are taken, or Gleason 3+4 in 10 mm or more cancer
Patients will remain on trial unless they end Active Surveillance due to initiation of treatment, development of metastases, transition to watchful waiting, or death of any cause. After the initiation of curative treatment, watchful waiting, or palliative treatment for cancer progression, the patient is treated according to the standard protocol of the participating centre.
Not yet recruiting
Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust
Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-07-28T13:28:56-0400
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A synthetic retinoid that is used orally as a chemopreventive against prostate cancer and in women at risk of developing contralateral breast cancer. It is also effective as an antineoplastic agent.
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Proteins secreted by the prostate gland. The major secretory proteins from the human prostate gland include PROSTATE-SPECIFIC ANTIGEN, prostate-specific acid phosphatase, prostate-specific membrane antigen, and prostate-specific protein-94.
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