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Comparison Study of Echocardiography and Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance Imaging in the Assessment of Mitral and Aortic Regurgitation

2019-08-04 15:21:39 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The primary treatment for patients determined to have severe aortic or mitral regurgitation is surgical repair or replacement their valves. The most commonly used tool to quantify the severity mitral and aortic regurgitation is echocardiography. Studies have shown that echocardiography may have significant limitations in quantifying regurgitant volume. MRI has recently been shown to easily and reproducibly quantify regurgitation. To better understand how to accurately quantify severity of regurgitation we propose this study with the following aims: 1) compare MRI to echocardiography in the evaluation of regurgitant volume in patients with aortic or mitral regurgitation and 2) to assess which technique is better at predicting the response of the left ventricle to valve surgery.

Description

The primary treatment for patients determined to have severe aortic or mitral regurgitation is surgical repair or replacement their valves. The most commonly used tool to quantify the severity mitral and aortic regurgitation is echocardiography. Studies have shown that echocardiography may have significant limitations in quantifying regurgitant volume. MRI has recently been shown to easily and reproducibly quantify regurgitation. To better understand how to accurately quantify severity of regurgitation we propose this study with the following aims: 1) compare MRI to echocardiography in the evaluation of regurgitant volume in patients with aortic or mitral regurgitation and 2) to assess which technique is better at predicting the response of the left ventricle to valve surgery.

Study Design

Conditions

Mitral Regurgitation

Intervention

MRI

Location

Morristown Medical Center
Morristown
New Jersey
United States
07960

Status

Recruiting

Source

Atlantic Health System

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-08-04T15:21:39-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Backflow of blood from the LEFT VENTRICLE into the LEFT ATRIUM due to imperfect closure of the MITRAL VALVE. This can lead to mitral valve regurgitation.

Abnormal protrusion or billowing of one or both of the leaflets of MITRAL VALVE into the LEFT ATRIUM during SYSTOLE. This allows the backflow of blood into left atrium leading to MITRAL VALVE INSUFFICIENCY; SYSTOLIC MURMURS; or CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIA.

Narrowing of the passage through the MITRAL VALVE due to FIBROSIS, and CALCINOSIS in the leaflets and chordal areas. This elevates the left atrial pressure which, in turn, raises pulmonary venous and capillary pressure leading to bouts of DYSPNEA and TACHYCARDIA during physical exertion. RHEUMATIC FEVER is its primary cause.

A type of heart valve surgery that involves the repair, replacement, or reconstruction of the annulus of the MITRAL VALVE. It includes shortening the circumference of the annulus to improve valve closing capacity and reinforcing the annulus as a step in more complex valve repairs.

Regurgitation and re-chewing of previously swallowed food in RUMINANTS.

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