Comparison of Treatment With Preservative-free Dexamethasone 0.1% (Monofree Dexamethason) and Diclofenac 0.1% (Dicloabak) Eye Drops Versus Preserved Dexamethasone 0.1% (Maxidex) and Diclofenac 0.1% (Voltaren Ophtha) Eye Drops After Cataract Surgery

2019-08-14 18:29:38 | BioPortfolio


To compare treatment with preservative-free dexamethasone 0.1% (Monofree Dexamethason) and diclofenac 0.1% (Dicloabak) eye drops versus preserved dexamethasone 0.1% (Maxidex) and diclofenac 0.1% (Voltaren Ophtha) eye drops after cataract surgery in terms of postoperative inflammation, iatrogenic dry eye disease and cystoid macular edema.


Cataract surgery is a standardized procedure yielding excellent visual outcomes in most patients. According to Daien et al., the incidence of cataract surgery in 2012 in France was 11/1000 person-years. Although there are few complications related to the surgery, patients often experience ocular discomfort in the postoperative period.

Postoperative treatment usually includes topical non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and topical steroids for four weeks to control anterior chamber inflammation, to relieve ocular pain after surgery and to reduce the incidence of cystoid macular edema.

Benzalkonium chloride (BAK) is the most common eye drop preservative and is associated with several ocular adverse effects, including dry eye and ocular surface inflammation. Moreover, in two clinical trials comparing the effects of BAK-containing and preservative-free eye drops, anterior chamber inflammation was reported in response to BAK after 1 month of exposure. Finally, besides the fact that intra-ocular inflammation increases the risk of macular edema, there is some evidence in the literature suggesting that BAK may also contribute to the development of macular edema.

Because of these well-established detrimental effects of preservatives, pharmaceutical industry has invested in the development of preservative-free eye drops in the past decade, which has led to preservative-free alternatives for almost all the eye medications.

The aim of this project is to investigate whether omitting preservatives from the postoperative topical treatment after cataract surgery can reduce symptoms and signs of ocular surface disease, intra-ocular inflammation and the incidence of cystoid macular edema.

Study Design


Age-related Cataract


Preservative Free drop treatment, Preserved drop treatment


Universitaire Ziekenhuizen Leuven




Universitaire Ziekenhuizen Leuven

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-08-14T18:29:38-0400

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Ophthalmology is the branch of medicine that is devoted to the study and treatment of eye diseases. As well as mild visual defects correctable by lenses, ophthalmology is concerned with glaucoma, uveitis and other serious conditions affecting the eye, ...

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