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OPIE in the Thin Interventricular Septum

2019-08-14 18:29:38 | BioPortfolio

Summary

This is a follow up investigation to our previous study entitled "On-pump intraoperative echocardiography (OPIE)" (clinicaltrials.gov NCT03094325) whereby we determined that left ventricular septal thickness as measured by the OPIE technique correlates highly with traditional methods of transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography during septal myectomy for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. OPIE may be especially useful in patients with a thin ventricular septal thickness as adequate treatment may rely on mere millimeters of myocardial resection. We therefore propose a study in which OPIE is compared to transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography in patients with a thin interventricular septum. Subjects will receive the same perioperative care regardless of their involvement in the study. Patients who enroll in the study will undergo an additional intraoperative echocardiographic measurement that adds less than five minutes to total operative time.

Study Design

Conditions

Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

Intervention

on-pump intracardiac echocardiography

Location

NYU Langone Health
New York
New York
United States
10016

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

NYU Langone Health

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-08-14T18:29:38-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An autosomal dominant inherited form of HYPERTROPHIC CARDIOMYOPATHY. It results from any of more than 50 mutations involving genes encoding contractile proteins such as VENTRICULAR MYOSINS; cardiac TROPONIN T; ALPHA-TROPOMYOSIN.

A group of diseases in which the dominant feature is the involvement of the CARDIAC MUSCLE itself. Cardiomyopathies are classified according to their predominant pathophysiological features (DILATED CARDIOMYOPATHY; HYPERTROPHIC CARDIOMYOPATHY; RESTRICTIVE CARDIOMYOPATHY) or their etiological/pathological factors (CARDIOMYOPATHY, ALCOHOLIC; ENDOCARDIAL FIBROELASTOSIS).

A form of CARDIAC MUSCLE disease, characterized by left and/or right ventricular hypertrophy (HYPERTROPHY, LEFT VENTRICULAR; HYPERTROPHY, RIGHT VENTRICULAR), frequent asymmetrical involvement of the HEART SEPTUM, and normal or reduced left ventricular volume. Risk factors include HYPERTENSION; AORTIC STENOSIS; and gene MUTATION; (FAMILIAL HYPERTROPHIC CARDIOMYOPATHY).

Echocardiography amplified by the addition of depth to the conventional two-dimensional ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY visualizing only the length and width of the heart. Three-dimensional ultrasound imaging was first described in 1961 but its application to echocardiography did not take place until 1974. (Mayo Clin Proc 1993;68:221-40)

An autosomal recessively inherited glycogen storage disease caused by GLUCAN 1,4-ALPHA-GLUCOSIDASE deficiency. Large amounts of GLYCOGEN accumulate in the LYSOSOMES of skeletal muscle (MUSCLE, SKELETAL); HEART; LIVER; SPINAL CORD; and BRAIN. Three forms have been described: infantile, childhood, and adult. The infantile form is fatal in infancy and presents with hypotonia and a hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (CARDIOMYOPATHY, HYPERTROPHIC). The childhood form usually presents in the second year of life with proximal weakness and respiratory symptoms. The adult form consists of a slowly progressive proximal myopathy. (From Muscle Nerve 1995;3:S61-9; Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, pp73-4)

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