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Invasively measured fractional flow reserve (FFR) has proven to be useful in guiding coronary revascularization. Several studies have shown that it is justified to treat lesions with a value of 0.80 or lower and safe to defer from PCI in lesions with a value of >0.80. Recently, computational fluid dynamics have allowed FFR measurement from coronary computed tomography angiography images (FFRCT) with excellent diagnostic accuracy compared to invasive FFR.
FFRCT can also effectively guide revascularization safely deferring patient with FFRCT >0.80 from invasive angiography. In functionally non-significant lesions, computational fluid dynamic models in addition to CT plaque characteristics (low attenuation, positive remodelling, spotty calcification and napkin-ring sign) may be able to predict which lesions will become flow-limiting, causing clinical events in the future.
This study will evaluate disease progression in intermediate lesions (invasive FFR 0.81-0.90 at baseline) using FFRCT at 2 years and determine whether CT characteristics may help to identify lesions that are more susceptible for FFR decline. Additionally, we will correlate CT characteristics with coronary events (a composite endpoint consisting of all-cause mortality, target-vessel myocardial infarction and clinically driven target-vessel revascularization) up to 5 years after the baseline invasive FFR.
Coronary Artery Disease
Coronary computed tomography angiography
Erasmus Medical Center
Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-08-15T18:41:33-0400
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Surgical therapy of ischemic coronary artery disease achieved by grafting a section of saphenous vein, internal mammary artery, or other substitute between the aorta and the obstructed coronary artery distal to the obstructive lesion.
Direct myocardial revascularization in which the internal mammary artery is anastomosed to the right coronary artery, circumflex artery, or anterior descending coronary artery. The internal mammary artery is the most frequent choice, especially for a single graft, for coronary artery bypass surgery.
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A complication of INTERNAL MAMMARY-CORONARY ARTERY ANASTOMOSIS whereby an occlusion or stenosis of the proximal SUBCLAVIAN ARTERY causes a reversal of the blood flow away from the CORONARY CIRCULATION, through the grafted INTERNAL MAMMARY ARTERY (internal thoracic artery), and back to the distal subclavian distribution.
A congenital coronary vessel anomaly in which the left main CORONARY ARTERY originates from the PULMONARY ARTERY instead of from AORTA. The congenital heart defect typically results in coronary artery FISTULA; LEFT-SIDED HEART FAILURE and MITRAL VALVE INSUFFICIENCY during the first months of life.
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