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Ablation STrategies for Repeat PrOcedures in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation Recurrences

2019-08-16 19:05:28 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The aim of the study is to evaluate different ablation strategies in patients with AF recurrences despite chronic PVI after prior catheter ablation.

The present study is a multi-centre prospective randomized study enrolling 256 patients with drug-refractory AF despite previous AF ablation.

After PV remapping confirming durable PVI patients will be assigned to 2 different groups: Group A: Substrate modification.

After obtaining a voltage map of the LA, substrate modification will be performed aiming at low-voltage areas (LVA) < 0.5mV.

Group B: LAA isolation. Patients will undergo LAA-isolation using the cryoballoon (CB). Catheter ablation procedures will be performed with commercially available devices including 3D mapping systems (CARTO, EnSite) and irrigated radiofrequency current (RFC) ablation or cryothermal balloon ablation (Arctic Front Advance).

The primary endpoint is freedom from documented recurrence of AF or any atrial tachyarrhythmia lasting > 30 seconds between day 91 and 365 after the index procedure.

Study Design

Conditions

Atrial Fibrillation

Intervention

Catheter ablation

Location

Cardioangiologisches Centrum Bethanien
Frankfurt/Main
Germany
60431

Status

Recruiting

Source

Cardioangiologisches Centrum Bethanien

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-08-16T19:05:28-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Rapid, irregular atrial contractions caused by a block of electrical impulse conduction in the right atrium and a reentrant wave front traveling up the inter-atrial septum and down the right atrial free wall or vice versa. Unlike ATRIAL FIBRILLATION which is caused by abnormal impulse generation, typical atrial flutter is caused by abnormal impulse conduction. As in atrial fibrillation, patients with atrial flutter cannot effectively pump blood into the lower chambers of the heart (HEART VENTRICLES).

Long-term changes in the electrophysiological parameters and/or anatomical structures of the HEART ATRIA that result from prolonged changes in atrial rate, often associated with ATRIAL FIBRILLATION or long periods of intense EXERCISE.

A cardiotonic glycoside obtained mainly from Digitalis lanata; it consists of three sugars and the aglycone DIGOXIGENIN. Digoxin has positive inotropic and negative chronotropic activity. It is used to control ventricular rate in ATRIAL FIBRILLATION and in the management of congestive heart failure with atrial fibrillation. Its use in congestive heart failure and sinus rhythm is less certain. The margin between toxic and therapeutic doses is small. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p666)

The pressure within the CARDIAC ATRIUM. It can be measured directly by using a pressure catheter (see HEART CATHETERIZATION). It can be also estimated using various imaging techniques or other pressure readings such as PULMONARY CAPILLARY WEDGE PRESSURE (an estimate of left atrial pressure) and CENTRAL VENOUS PRESSURE (an estimate of right atrial pressure).

Removal of tissue with electrical current delivered via electrodes positioned at the distal end of a catheter. Energy sources are commonly direct current (DC-shock) or alternating current at radiofrequencies (usually 750 kHz). The technique is used most often to ablate the AV junction and/or accessory pathways in order to interrupt AV conduction and produce AV block in the treatment of various tachyarrhythmias.

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