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Effects of Acupuncture on Sjögren's Syndrome

2019-08-19 19:46:42 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Sjögren's syndrome (SS) is a multisystemic chronic autoimmune disease characterized by lymphocytic infiltration of the exocrine glands, resulting in salivary and lacrimal glands hypofunction, with symptoms of dry eyes and mouth. Xerostomia and xerophthalmia present profound negative impact on patients' quality of life, especially due to difficulties in swallowing, dysarthria, dysgeusia, halitosis and burning tongue, discomfort and visual disturbances that lead to daily activities difficulty such as driving or reading. Although some drugs may improve symptoms and prevent SS complications, they can cause significant adverse effects and even fail to relieve symptoms. Integrative and complementary techniques have become a therapeutic option for SS patients. Scientific evidence has supported the efficacy of acupuncture in relieving symptoms of xerostomia and xerophthalmia. Due to the lack of well-controlled and standardized clinical studies, this study aimed to conduct a randomized and controlled trial to determine the efficacy of acupuncture as a therapeutic option for SS patients' symptoms relief.

Description

The present study is designed as a 24-month, single centre, double-blind, randomized, controlled, two-arm clinical trial (acupuncture and control). The research will be conducted following the CONSORT recommendations and the STRICTA extension. The study care protocol will consist in acupuncture or control intervention at the selected acupoints (R6, E6,E2, Ig4, VC24, TA23, B2) for 8 weeks, 20 minutes sessions with 12 weeks of follow up. Complementary clinical approaches (sialometry, sialochemistry, Schirmer test, staining with topical lissamine green), and the questionnaires (OHIP-14, Eular Sjögren's Syndrome Patient Reported Index (ESSPRI), Xerostomia Inventory, ocular surface disease index (OSDI) will be performed in weeks 1, 8 and 12. The control group will consist of superficial acupuncture, or placebo, or sham. After all interventions and evaluation methods completed, data will be analyzed for their distribution and homogeneity in order to choose the most appropriate statistical test.

Study Design

Conditions

Sjogren`s Syndrome

Intervention

Acupuncture, Sham acupuncture

Location

School of Dentistry of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo
Ribeirão Preto
São Paulo
Brazil
14040-904

Status

Recruiting

Source

University of Sao Paulo

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-08-19T19:46:42-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A type of massage in which finger pressure on specific body sites is used to promote healing, relieve fatigue, etc. Although the anatomical locations are the same as the ACUPUNCTURE POINTS used in ACUPUNCTURE THERAPY (hence acu-), no needle or other acupuncture technique is employed in acupressure. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed). Shiatsu is a modern outgrowth that focuses more on prevention than healing.

Analgesia produced by the insertion of ACUPUNCTURE needles at certain ACUPUNCTURE POINTS on the body. This activates small myelinated nerve fibers in the muscle which transmit impulses to the spinal cord and then activate three centers - the spinal cord, midbrain and pituitary/hypothalamus - to produce analgesia.

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Designated locations along nerves or organ meridians for inserting acupuncture needles.

The occupational discipline of the traditional Chinese methods of ACUPUNCTURE THERAPY for treating disease by inserting needles along specific pathways or meridians.

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