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Sjögren's syndrome (SS) is a multisystemic chronic autoimmune disease characterized by lymphocytic infiltration of the exocrine glands, resulting in salivary and lacrimal glands hypofunction, with symptoms of dry eyes and mouth. Xerostomia and xerophthalmia present profound negative impact on patients' quality of life, especially due to difficulties in swallowing, dysarthria, dysgeusia, halitosis and burning tongue, discomfort and visual disturbances that lead to daily activities difficulty such as driving or reading. Although some drugs may improve symptoms and prevent SS complications, they can cause significant adverse effects and even fail to relieve symptoms. Integrative and complementary techniques have become a therapeutic option for SS patients. Scientific evidence has supported the efficacy of acupuncture in relieving symptoms of xerostomia and xerophthalmia. Due to the lack of well-controlled and standardized clinical studies, this study aimed to conduct a randomized and controlled trial to determine the efficacy of acupuncture as a therapeutic option for SS patients' symptoms relief.
The present study is designed as a 24-month, single centre, double-blind, randomized, controlled, two-arm clinical trial (acupuncture and control). The research will be conducted following the CONSORT recommendations and the STRICTA extension. The study care protocol will consist in acupuncture or control intervention at the selected acupoints (R6, E6,E2, Ig4, VC24, TA23, B2) for 8 weeks, 20 minutes sessions with 12 weeks of follow up. Complementary clinical approaches (sialometry, sialochemistry, Schirmer test, staining with topical lissamine green), and the questionnaires (OHIP-14, Eular Sjögren's Syndrome Patient Reported Index (ESSPRI), Xerostomia Inventory, ocular surface disease index (OSDI) will be performed in weeks 1, 8 and 12. The control group will consist of superficial acupuncture, or placebo, or sham. After all interventions and evaluation methods completed, data will be analyzed for their distribution and homogeneity in order to choose the most appropriate statistical test.
Acupuncture, Sham acupuncture
School of Dentistry of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo
University of Sao Paulo
Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-08-19T19:46:42-0400
The purpose of this study is to determine whether acupuncture is effective and safe in the treatment of Primary Sjögren Syndrome.
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