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Limb occlusion pressure (LOP) and arterial occlusion pressure (AOP) are the terms that mean the lowest tourniquet pressure required to stop the arterial blood flow into the limb distal to the cuff. LOP can be determined manually or automatically by slow cuff inflation until disapper of pulsation with Doppler flow-meter or pulse oximeter
The advantages of the tourniquet during upper or lower limb procedures are providing bloodless operative field and so less intra-operative blood lossIt has been reported that using the lowest effective inflation pressure minimize tourniquet induced nerve injury .). Limb occlusion pressure (LOP) and arterial occlusion pressure (AOP) are the terms that mean the lowest tourniquet pressure required to stop the arterial blood flow into the limb distal to the cuff. LOP can be determined manually or automatically by slow cuff inflation until disapper of pulsation with Doppler flowmeter or pulse oximeter .AOP can be estimated by a formula (AOP = [SBP + 10]/KTP) using patient's systolic blood pressure (SBP) and tissue padding coefficient (KTP) values. In both methods, addition of a safety margin to LOP or AOP is recommended for potential hemodynamic fluctuations during surgery
estimation method for arterial occlusion pressure, the limb occlusion pressure
Beni-Suef University Hospital
Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-08-19T19:46:45-0400
Pneumatic tourniquets are widely used not only to reduce blood loss and to ensure optimal operating conditions during extremity surgery, but also in regional anesthesia (local intravenous)...
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This study evaluates a novel technique for measuring the minimum pressure necessary to achieve a bloodless surgical field, known as a patient's limb occlusion pressure (LOP). Patients will...
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The blood pressure in the ARTERIES. It is commonly measured with a SPHYGMOMANOMETER on the upper arm which represents the arterial pressure in the BRACHIAL ARTERY.
The pressure within the CARDIAC ATRIUM. It can be measured directly by using a pressure catheter (see HEART CATHETERIZATION). It can be also estimated using various imaging techniques or other pressure readings such as PULMONARY CAPILLARY WEDGE PRESSURE (an estimate of left atrial pressure) and CENTRAL VENOUS PRESSURE (an estimate of right atrial pressure).
Persistently high systemic arterial BLOOD PRESSURE. Based on multiple readings (BLOOD PRESSURE DETERMINATION), hypertension is currently defined as when SYSTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when DIASTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently 90 mm Hg or more.
An occlusion resulting in overstrain and injury to teeth, periodontal tissue, or other oral structures.
Method in which repeated blood pressure readings are made while the patient undergoes normal daily activities. It allows quantitative analysis of the high blood pressure load over time, can help distinguish between types of HYPERTENSION, and can assess the effectiveness of antihypertensive therapy.
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