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The investigators have observed that respiratory problems (breathlessness) sometimes occur subsequent to DBS of the subthalamic nucleus (STN). This study aims to determine whether this is indeed a consequence of STN stimulation. Secondary objectives include identification of the respiratory physiological mediators of any interoceptive neuromodulation observed, changes in daily physical activity and MRI structural connectivity analysis.
A continuous cohort of Parkinson disease patients planned to undergo STN-DBS will be approached to participate in this study (i.e. every patient will be offered participation in the study). Over the same time period other DBS patients (GPi and VIM) will be approached before their implantation procedure to participate as controls/comparators. Participants will all be offered the full study, but will also be free to participate in a smaller number of activities if so chosen.
Patients will be assessed both pre-operatively and post-operatively where they will complete a compound respiratory questionnaire and tests of respiratory interoception and function. Post-operatively, these tests will be carried out with stimulation ON and OFF, the order of which will be randomised between patients.
Data on daily activity will be collected during pre- and post-operative windows, using a wearable pedometer/heart-rate monitor.
Positive findings of respiratory neuromodulation will be correlated between patients with structural connectivity (e.g. STN-insula.) from pre-operative MRI scans.
John Radcliffe Hospital
Not yet recruiting
University of Oxford
Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-08-21T20:05:50-0400
This study focuses on the relationship between the brain and the gut, and additionally will foster collaboration between Movement Disorder experts and Neurogastroenterologists to provide c...
By creating a neurogenebank from Parkinson's disease patients' blood donations we will ultimately be able to define genes for Parkinson's disease and other neurological conditions.
Prospective observational study of Parkinson's disease with repeat clinical assessment and biobanking of blood samples.
The purpose of this study is to determine if the 9zest app for Parkinson's disease is feasible, safe, and efficacious when used independently by individuals with Parkinson's disease.
To assess the feasibility, impact, and participant satisfaction of offering Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments (CLIA) certified genetic testing as part of clinical care for People ...
Parkinson disease is a common neurodegenerative disorder that affects millions of people worldwide. Important advances in the treatment, etiology, and the pathogenesis of Parkinson disease have been m...
The authors report of a patient with Parkinson's disease in whom imaging revealed a complete agenesis of the corpus callosum. Although this co-occurrence is probably coincidental, this finding suggest...
There is evidence that both high and low frequency rTMS may have therapeutic effects on motor performance of Parkinson's disease.
Parkinson's disease (PD) and frailty are two conditions that are increasingly common with advancing age, yet little is known about their relationship.
Recently, the LRP10 gene has been identified as a novel genetic cause in individuals affected by Parkinson's disease (PD), Parkinson's disease dementia, or dementia with Lewy bodies.
Proteins associated with sporadic or familial cases of PARKINSON DISEASE.
A condition caused by the neurotoxin MPTP which causes selective destruction of nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurons. Clinical features include irreversible parkinsonian signs including rigidity and bradykinesia (PARKINSON DISEASE, SECONDARY). MPTP toxicity is also used as an animal model for the study of PARKINSON DISEASE. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1072; Neurology 1986 Feb;36(2):250-8)
A group of disorders which feature impaired motor control characterized by bradykinesia, MUSCLE RIGIDITY; TREMOR; and postural instability. Parkinsonian diseases are generally divided into primary parkinsonism (see PARKINSON DISEASE), secondary parkinsonism (see PARKINSON DISEASE, SECONDARY) and inherited forms. These conditions are associated with dysfunction of dopaminergic or closely related motor integration neuronal pathways in the BASAL GANGLIA.
Parkinsonism following encephalitis, historically seen as a sequella of encephalitis lethargica (Von Economo Encephalitis). The early age of onset, the rapid progression of symptoms followed by stabilization, and the presence of a variety of other neurological disorders (e.g., sociopathic behavior; TICS; MUSCLE SPASMS; oculogyric crises; hyperphagia; and bizarre movements) distinguish this condition from primary PARKINSON DISEASE. Pathologic features include neuronal loss and gliosis concentrated in the MESENCEPHALON; SUBTHALAMUS; and HYPOTHALAMUS. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p754)
Conditions which feature clinical manifestations resembling primary Parkinson disease that are caused by a known or suspected condition. Examples include parkinsonism caused by vascular injury, drugs, trauma, toxin exposure, neoplasms, infections and degenerative or hereditary conditions. Clinical features may include bradykinesia, rigidity, parkinsonian gait, and masked facies. In general, tremor is less prominent in secondary parkinsonism than in the primary form. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1998, Ch38, pp39-42)
Neurology - Central Nervous System (CNS)
Alzheimer's Disease Anesthesia Anxiety Disorders Autism Bipolar Disorders Dementia Epilepsy Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Neurology Pain Parkinson's Disease Sleep Disorders Neurology is the branch of me...
Parkinson's is a progressive neurological condition, affecting one person in every 500, 95% of which are over 40. It is caused by degeneration of more than 70% of the substantia nigra, which depletes the dopamine (the neurotransmitter involved in pro...
Asthma COPD Cystic Fibrosis Pneumonia Pulmonary Medicine Respiratory Respiratory tract infections (RTIs) are any infection of the sinuses, throat, airways or lungs. They're usually caused by viruses, but they can also ...