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Balance Benefit / Risk of Immunomodulatory Treatments at the Child and Adolescent for Autoimmune Cytopenia.

2019-08-18 20:09:24 | BioPortfolio

Summary

In France, a national prospective cohort for monitoring children and adolescents with autoimmune cytopenia OBS'CEREVANCE is in place since 2004. It is coordinated in Bordeaux by the Center's team. Reference Rare Diseases CEREVANCE. It has been validated by the French Data Protection Authority in 2009 (information note and written consent). It had mid 2013 more of 900 patients, and the data collected make it possible to study intentionally to treat the therapeutic management of patients with Chronic Immune-Thrombocytopenic Purpura, from Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia, or from EVANS syndrome.

This study evaluates efficacy and tolerance at 6 months of treatment immunomodulators prescribed in France in real conditions of use, in children and adolescents under the age of 18, for a Chronic Immune-Thrombocytopenic Purpura, an Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia or a simultaneous EVANS syndrome.

Description

Chronic immunological thrombocytopenic purpura and anemia hemolytic autoimmune are rare autoimmune hematologic diseases, primary or secondary, affecting the child often very young, sometimes associated simultaneously or sequentially (Evans syndrome). They can be life-threatening, they in 20 to 50% of cases of prolonged dependence on immunosuppressants. The incidence of Immune-Thrombocytopenic Purpura is 2 to 5 / 100,000 inhabitants of under 18, the Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia 5 to 10 times lower.

For the pediatric population, the experience reported in the literature is limited to individual cases or small series often retrospective and not comparative. It does not allow to have in 2013 a reasoning based on on evidence to define the second-line therapeutic strategy, in especially for Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia where the therapeutic data are almost nonexistent. Splenectomy remains to this day the reference treatment of the Chronic Immune-Thrombocytopenic Purpura of the adult. In children, the therapeutic goal is to avoid it or to prevent it delay it. After failure of first-line treatments (immunoglobulins or corticosteroids) used for treatment of relapses or continuously, the main immunomodulatory treatments used in second line are azathioprine, ciclosporin, hydroxychloroquine, rituximab, mycophenolate mofetil, romiplostim, eltrombopag.

The benefit / risk balance of these 7 immunomodulatory treatments prescribed to the child for autoimmune cytopenia is presumed to be favorable based on the very limited data from the pediatric literature and the experience of most adults do not benefit from a specific marketing authorization.

Study Design

Conditions

Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura

Status

Completed

Source

University Hospital, Bordeaux

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-08-18T20:09:24-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A systemic non-thrombocytopenic purpura caused by HYPERSENSITIVITY VASCULITIS and deposition of IGA-containing IMMUNE COMPLEXES within the blood vessels throughout the body, including those in the kidney (KIDNEY GLOMERULUS). Clinical symptoms include URTICARIA; ERYTHEMA; ARTHRITIS; GASTROINTESTINAL HEMORRHAGE; and renal involvement. Most cases are seen in children after acute upper respiratory infections.

Any form of purpura in which the PLATELET COUNT is decreased. Many forms are thought to be caused by immunological mechanisms.

Thrombocytopenia occurring in the absence of toxic exposure or a disease associated with decreased platelets. It is mediated by immune mechanisms, in most cases IMMUNOGLOBULIN G autoantibodies which attach to platelets and subsequently undergo destruction by macrophages. The disease is seen in acute (affecting children) and chronic (adult) forms.

An ADAMTS protease that contains eight thrombospondin (TS) motifs. It cleaves VON WILLEBRAND FACTOR to control vWF-mediated THROMBOSIS. Mutations in the ADAMTS13 gene have been identified in familial cases of PURPURA, THROMBOTIC THROMBOCYTOPENIC and defects in ADAMTS13 activity are associated with MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION; BRAIN ISCHEMIA; PRE-ECLAMPSIA; and MALARIA.

An acquired, congenital, or familial disorder caused by PLATELET AGGREGATION with THROMBOSIS in terminal arterioles and capillaries. Clinical features include THROMBOCYTOPENIA; HEMOLYTIC ANEMIA; AZOTEMIA; FEVER; and thrombotic microangiopathy. The classical form also includes neurological symptoms and end-organ damage, such as RENAL FAILURE.

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