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It is possible that the lower protein intake in vegetarians and vegans may relate to a decrease in grip strength. Furthermore, there is limited research examining the effects of plant-based protein intake on strength and LBM independent of an exercise training component. The present study was designed to examine relationships between strength, protein intake, and LBM in underactive vegetarian and vegan adults, as well as the impact of protein supplementation (18 g mung bean protein daily) on these indices.
The American Dietetic Association states that based off of evidence, it is possible for a vegetarian to obtain the recommended amount of nutrients with a properly planned diet. By mixing various sources of plant proteins throughout the day, a person can obtain all the amino acids needed for growth and tissue maintenance and repair. Yet, many vegetarians struggle to eat a substantial diet, especially when it comes to protein. This is because plant protein has protein bioavailability that is 10-30% lower than animal protein. As a result, current research suggests that there needs to be a separate protein dietary reference intake (DRI) for vegetarians and it needs to be larger than the protein DRI for omnivores. Whenever considering protein bioavailability, the quality must be assessed by analyzing the digestibility, chemical integrity, and freedom from interference in metabolism of the amino acid. This is a major concern because inadequate protein intake can affect bone health and alter muscle mass. Importantly, research has shown as a result of inadequate protein intake, vegetarians tend to have less lean body mass and less muscle strength than omnivores. Currently, all research available on this topic included strength training as a variable for increasing lean muscle mass, and no research has been reported that analyzed the impact of increased dietary protein on lean body mass without a training component. This parallel arm study will examine the effect of supplemental plant protein on strength and lean body mass in adult, non-athletic vegetarians in the Phoenix area.
mung bean protein, control biscuit
Arizona State University
Arizona State University
Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-09-10T01:23:32-0400
This study is designed to evaluate short term effect of triticale, mung bean and adzuki bean intervention for health improvement in patients with type 2 diabetes.
The research study is being done so we can determine the quality of the protein present in Mung beans. Amino acids are the building blocks of protein and protein quality is determined by t...
The investigators hypothesized that consuming crackers enriched with faba bean fractions (faba bean protein concentrate, faba bean protein isolate, faba bean flour and faba bean starch), w...
To describe the effect and mechanisms of action faba bean powder and fractions (protein, starch and fiber) on glucose and insulin homeostasis, food intake, satiety and metabolic regulation...
ICU acquired muscle weakness is a significant problem in patients recovering from critical illness. This trial will evaluate the safety and efficacy of a drug in improving muscle weakness ...
Muscle atrophy, which is characterized by a decrease in muscle mass, function, and protein content, can be caused by aging, disease, and physical inactivity. Red bean or Adzuki bean () has been consum...
Being a primary toxic heavy metal, lead (Pb) contamination presents an imposing environmental and public health concern worldwide. A Bacillus subtilis PbRB3, displaying higher Pb tolerance, was isolat...
The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of a commercial Salmonella bacteriophage mixture (SalmoFresh™ 6-phage strains) and to compare its effectiveness with a chlorinated water ...
Carboplatin is a chemotherapy drug used to treat solid tumors but also causes bone loss and muscle atrophy and weakness. Bone loss contributes to muscle weakness through bone-muscle crosstalk which is...
A water-soluble polysaccharide (MBP-1) was isolated from Mung bean (Vigna radiate L.) and its physicochemical characterization, functional properties, and antioxidant activity was investigated. Chemic...
A vague complaint of debility, fatigue, or exhaustion attributable to weakness of various muscles. The weakness can be characterized as subacute or chronic, often progressive, and is a manifestation of many muscle and neuromuscular diseases. (From Wyngaarden et al., Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p2251)
A symptom complex characterized by pain and weakness in SKELETAL MUSCLE group associated with exercise, such as leg pain and weakness brought on by walking. Such muscle limpness disappears after a brief rest and is often relates to arterial STENOSIS; muscle ISCHEMIA; and accumulation of LACTATE.
A heterogeneous group of inherited MYOPATHIES, characterized by wasting and weakness of the SKELETAL MUSCLE. They are categorized by the sites of MUSCLE WEAKNESS; AGE OF ONSET; and INHERITANCE PATTERNS.
A general term encompassing lower MOTOR NEURON DISEASE; PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES; and certain MUSCULAR DISEASES. Manifestations include MUSCLE WEAKNESS; FASCICULATION; muscle ATROPHY; SPASM; MYOKYMIA; MUSCLE HYPERTONIA, myalgias, and MUSCLE HYPOTONIA.
A form of muscle hypertonia associated with upper MOTOR NEURON DISEASE. Resistance to passive stretch of a spastic muscle results in minimal initial resistance (a "free interval") followed by an incremental increase in muscle tone. Tone increases in proportion to the velocity of stretch. Spasticity is usually accompanied by HYPERREFLEXIA and variable degrees of MUSCLE WEAKNESS. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p54)
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...