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Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Patients Remain at Risk for Delirium on the Surgical Ward After Intensive Care Unit Dismissal

2019-09-12 02:34:41 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The incidence of delirium following open abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) surgery is significant, with incidence rates ranging from 12 to 33%. The occurrence of delirium on the surgical ward after intensive care unit (ICU) dismissal in AAA patients remains unclear. Differences in outcomes between a delirium on the ICU and a delirium on the surgical ward have not been previously investigated.

Delirium is a frequent complication in patients who underwent open AAA surgery. This study demonstrated that patients on the surgical ward remain at risk for developing a delirium after ICU dismissal. Physicians should therefore maintain a high level of awareness for delirium in AAA patients who return to the surgical ward after ICU dismissal. This simultaneously emphasises the necessity of delirium preventive measures and early recognition on the surgical ward in order to improve clinical outcomes.

Description

The incidence of delirium following open abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) surgery is significant, with incidence rates ranging from 12 to 33%. The occurrence of delirium on the surgical ward after intensive care unit (ICU) dismissal in AAA patients remains unclear. Differences in outcomes between a delirium on the ICU and a delirium on the surgical ward have not been previously investigated.

An observational cohort study was conducted that included all patients treated electively for an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) by open repair and patients undergoing emergency treatment for a ruptured AAA between 2013 and 2018. The diagnosis of delirium was verified by a psychiatrist or geriatrician using the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-V) criteria. Cox proportional hazards regression analysis was used to analyse 6- and 12-months survival rate.

Study Design

Conditions

Delirium

Intervention

Surgery

Location

Amphia hospital
Breda
Noord-Brabant
Netherlands
4818CK

Status

Completed

Source

Amphia Hospital

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-09-12T02:34:41-0400

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A form of DELIRIUM which occurs after GENERAL ANESTHESIA.

Cognitive disorders including delirium, dementia, and other cognitive disorders. These may be the result of substance use, trauma, or other causes.

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Surgical procedures conducted with the aid of computers. This is most frequently used in orthopedic and laparoscopic surgery for implant placement and instrument guidance. Image-guided surgery interactively combines prior CT scans or MRI images with real-time video.

Surgery which could be postponed or not done at all without danger to the patient. Elective surgery includes procedures to correct non-life-threatening medical problems as well as to alleviate conditions causing psychological stress or other potential risk to patients, e.g., cosmetic or contraceptive surgery.

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