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Patients of relapsed and refractory warm autoimmune hemolytic anemia or EVANS syndrome aged 18 to 80 will be included in this study. The treatment regimen is a single dose anti-CD20 antibody (500mg) combined with bortezomib (1.3mg/m2 twice a week for two weeks). The treatment course would be repeated three months later.
Glucocorticoids are the first-line treatment of warm AIHA. The overall response is 70-90%, but 10% to 20% patients are refractory to GCs and more than 50% patients will relapse after GCs tapering or cessation.
Anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody is the preferred second-line treatment for relapsed refractory wAIHA. Anti-CD20 antibody 375 mg/m2, once a week, four times, is the standard treatment regimen. Low dose anti-CD20 antibody, 100mg once a week, four times, also showed similar response rate. However, the use of four times of intravenous infusion is trouble. So the investigators intend to explore the efficiency of the singe dose of 500mg anti-CD20 antibody.
Anti-CD20 antibody takes median 6-8 weeks to response and only about 50% patients achieving long-term response. Plasma cells produce antibodies and long-lived plasma cells in bone marrow and spleen continuously work. Bortezomib is a proteasome inhibitor and targets plasma cells. Bortezomib has become a first-line treatment for clonal plasma cell diseases (such as multiple myeloma, systemic amyloidosis, POEMS syndrome, etc.). Bortezomib can also induce reactive plasma cell apoptosis and has a variety of immunomodulatory effects. The investigators try to combine bortezomib with anti-CD20 antibody, which may play a synergistic role and improve the efficacy.
Patients of relapsed and refractory warm autoimmune hemolytic anemia or EVANS syndrome will receive a single dose anti-CD20 antibody (500mg) and bortezomib (1.3mg/m2 twice a week for two weeks) twice for three months interval.
Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia
combination of a single dose anti-CD20 antibody and bortezomib
Peking Union Medical College Hospital
Peking Union Medical College Hospital
Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-09-13T02:15:39-0400
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