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This study will evaluate the possible therapeutic effects of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) in drug-naïve obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) patients, and the underlying neural mechanism by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI),transcranial magnetic stimulation and electroencephalography (TMS-EEG).
The purpose of this study is to examine the efficacy of tDCS over orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) in treatment of drug-naïve OCD patients. 60 drug-naïve OCD patients will be randomized into two groups (i.e. active or sham stimulation). tDCS stimulation will be performed once a day, five times a week, for two weeks. The investigators will assess symptom severity before and after two weeks of tDCS. Through the study, Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale（Y-BOCS）, the Obsessive Compulsive Inventory-Revised (OCI-R), the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II), the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI)and side-effect questionnaire will be obtained by a trained investigator. The patients will also receive MRI scan and TMS-EEG.
high-definition transcranial direct current stimulation, Sham tDCS
Shanghai Mental Health Center
Not yet recruiting
Shanghai Mental Health Center
Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-09-17T02:47:37-0400
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A technique of brain electric stimulation therapy which uses constant, low current delivered via ELECTRODES placed on various locations on the scalp.
The electrical response evoked in a muscle or motor nerve by electrical or magnetic stimulation. Common methods of stimulation are by transcranial electrical and TRANSCRANIAL MAGNETIC STIMULATION. It is often used for monitoring during neurosurgery.
Application of electric current in treatment without the generation of perceptible heat. It includes electric stimulation of nerves or muscles, passage of current into the body, or use of interrupted current of low intensity to raise the threshold of the skin to pain.
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Removal of tissue with electrical current delivered via electrodes positioned at the distal end of a catheter. Energy sources are commonly direct current (DC-shock) or alternating current at radiofrequencies (usually 750 kHz). The technique is used most often to ablate the AV junction and/or accessory pathways in order to interrupt AV conduction and produce AV block in the treatment of various tachyarrhythmias.
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