Anthropometric and Physical Fitness Differences Among Turkish Adolescents and Adults Handball Players

2019-09-17 02:47:38 | BioPortfolio


The purpose of this study was to examine the variation in physical and physiological characteristics according to sports age in adolescent and adult male team handball (TH) players. Adolescent (N.=19, aged 18.1±1.4 yr) and adult (N.=23, 28.6±5.7 yr) players were examined for anthropometric characteristics, somatotype and body composition, and performed the physical working capacity test, a force-velocity test, the lateral scapular slide test (LSST), shark skill test, Davies test, squat jump (SJ), countermovement vertical jump without (CMJ).


The stability of the scapula in relation to the entire moving upper extremity is the key in the throwing sequence. The importance of scapular positioning in handball players has been well documented in the literature, but no one has compared scapular positioning between handball players and sedentary people. Study participants completed a rating scale for pain and a questionnaire about demographic and shoulder problems. One assessor performed the lateral scapular slide test and additional flexibility measurements around the shoulder girdle. Flexibility (external rotation, internal rotation) and scapular position (1, 2, 3) were compared among groups (young players, old players, sedentary people) and between sides (dominant, nondominant).

Participants: Forty-five aged between 16 and 35 yrs were recruited in the study. The exclusion criteria included those (a) with soft tissue or bone problems affecting lower and upper extremity, (b) who had acute inflammation affecting upper and lower extremity region, (c) had scoliosis, (d) who had undergone any orthopedic surgery, (e) who had defined any pain or painful area at lower extremities and (f) who were obese (BMI>30 kg/m2).

Assessments: The investigators plan to perform the physical working capacity test, a force-velocity test, the lateral scapular slide test (LSST), shark skill test, Davies test, squat jump (SJ), countermovement vertical jump without (CMJ).

The power analysis indicated that 32 participants for total were needed with 80 % power and a 5 % type 1 error. The power analysis of our study showed a power of 80% with LSST as the primary outcome. The data were analyzed using statistical software (SPSS version 18, Inc., Chicago, IL, USA). All the statistical analyses were set a priori at an alpha level of p<0.05. The tests for homogeneity (Levene's test) and normality (Shapiro-Wilk) were used to determine the appropriate statistical methods. According to the test results, nonparametric Friedman test was used for comparisons between baseline, first taping and last taping. Wilcoxon test was used for possible differences which may occur between taping applications in order to identify the application that provided the difference. Parametric test assumptions were not possible due to small sample size and inhomogeneous parameters.

Study Design


Athletic Performance


LSST test


Guven Health Group


Active, not recruiting


Guven Health Group

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-09-17T02:47:38-0400

Clinical Trials [599 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Effects of ElevATP on Body Composition and Athletic Performance

This study will examine the effects of supplemental ElevATP with or without a blend of extended-release caffeine and B vitamins for changes in body composition, athletic performance, and h...

VOR Suppression in Non-Gymnast Adults

The researchers hypothesize that there is a correlation between Vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) performance and innate athletic skill level. A similar study was conducted in female, young ad...

Normal Values of High Frequency ECG (HyperQ™) in Apparently Healthy Individuals and in Young and Masters Athletes

The main objective of this study is to investigate depolarization characteristics represented by changes in HyperQ in asymptomatic, apparently healthy athletic and non-athletic individuals...

Diagnosis of Exercise-Induced Bronchospasm (EIB) and Asthma in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I Athletes

We hypothesize that exercise-induced bronchospasm (EIB) at the NCAA Division I collegiate level is over diagnosed, while poorly controlled asthma resulting in exercise-related symptoms in ...

Vitamin D Supplementation in Physical Performance

This study was performed to evaluate the efficacy of weekly vitamin D supplementation on athletic performance in Iranian athletes

PubMed Articles [11539 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Effects of Various Work-to-rest Ratios during High-intensity Interval Training on Athletic Performance in Adolescents.

To examine the effect of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) with different work-to-rest ratios on athletic performance in athletes. Forty-seven male Taekwondo athletes (aged 15-18 yrs) were ran...

King-Devick Test Reliability in National Collegiate Athletic Association Athletes: A National Collegiate Athletic Association-Department of Defense Concussion Assessment, Research and Education Report.

The King-Devick (KD) test has received considerable attention in the literature as an emerging concussion assessment. However, important test psychometric properties remain to be addressed in large-sc...

The effect of uncertainty in patient classification on diagnostic performance estimations.

The performance of a new diagnostic test is typically evaluated against a comparator which is assumed to correspond closely to some true state of interest. Judgments about the new test's performance a...

The complex and bidirectional interaction between sex hormones and exercise performance in team sports with emphasis on soccer.

A constant topic reported in the lay press is the effect of sex hormones on athletic performance and their abuse by athletes in their effort to enhance their performance or to either boost or sidestep...

Legislators' Perceptions and Knowledge of the Athletic Training Profession: Specific Considerations for Secondary Schools.

Legislation has played a role in advancing the athletic training profession and improving the health and safety of student-athletes. However, few researchers have examined state legislators' perceptio...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Field of research that studies mental factors influencing the attainment of athletic skills and athletic performance.

A performance test based on forced MOTOR ACTIVITY on a rotating rod, usually by a rodent. Parameters include the riding time (seconds) or endurance. Test is used to evaluate balance and coordination of the subjects, particular in experimental animal models for neurological disorders and drug effects.

Carrying out of specific physical routines or procedures by one who is trained or skilled in physical activity. Performance is influenced by a combination of physiological, psychological, and socio-cultural factors.

Nutritional physiology related to EXERCISE or ATHLETIC PERFORMANCE.

An individual intelligence test designed primarily for school children to predict school performance and the ability to adjust to everyday demands.

More From BioPortfolio on "Anthropometric and Physical Fitness Differences Among Turkish Adolescents and Adults Handball Players"

Quick Search

Relevant Topics

An anesthesiologist (US English) or anaesthetist (British English) is a physician trained in anesthesia and perioperative medicine. Anesthesiologists are physicians who provide medical care to patients in a wide variety of (usually acute) situations. ...

Joint Disorders
A joint is where two or more bones come together, like the knee, hip, elbow, or shoulder. Joints can be damaged by many types of injuries or diseases, including Arthritis - inflammation of a joint causes pain, stiffness, and swelling with ...

Osteoporosis is a disease in which the bones become extremely porous, are subject to fracture, and heal slowly, occurring especially in women following menopause and often leading to curvature of the spine from vertebral collapse. Follow and track&n...

Searches Linking to this Trial