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Inflammatory responses in response to alcohol have been identified as contributing to the development of alcoholic hepatitis. The inflammatory response including that to LippoPolySaccharide is known to lead to progression of alcoholic liver disease. In addition to the inflammatory response mitochondrial perturbations exist and redox homeostasis is altered in patients with alcoholic hepatitis. Though this is known there have been very few studies targeting mitochondrial function in Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells (PBMCs). We plan to collect 50 milliliters of blood from healthy control patients so that we can compare the data to that of patients with alcoholic hepatitis and those who are heavy drinkers without liver disease. In addition to studying mitochondrial function we will investigate cytokine response, as well as fatty acid metabolism, glucose, and insulin measurements
Cleveland Clinic Foundation
The Cleveland Clinic
Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-09-17T02:47:20-0400
This is prospective, longitudinal cohort study involving HIV-positive, antiretroviral (ART)-treated, heavy alcohol drinking participants who have and do not have alcoholic hepatitis.
The purpose of this research study is to create a clinical database and bio-repository. To do this, we will obtain blood, urine, and stool samples (e.g., biological samples) and personal h...
The purpose of this research study is to test the safety, tolerability, and effectiveness of Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) intravenous infusion when used to treat alcoholic hepatitis (inflamma...
Alcoholic hepatitis (AH) is a severe alcohol induced hepatic inflammation that leads to jaundice and liver failure. Gut derived bacterial translocation to the liver is currently thought to...
This is a research trial testing DUR-928 (an experimental medication). The purpose of this trial is to assess the dose related safety, Pharmacokinetics, and Pharmacodynamics of DUR 928 in ...
Alcoholic hepatitis is a form of alcoholic liver disease characterised by steatosis, necroinflammation, fibrosis, and complications to the liver. Typically, alcoholic hepatitis presents in people betw...
Previously we have shown that in autoimmune hepatitis CD4 positive lymphocytes form an immunologic synapse with hepatocytes, leading to gradual diminishing and elimination of the hepatocyte. We wonder...
Improving survival in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma related to chronic hepatitis C and B but not in those related to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis or alcoholic liver disease: a 20-year experience from a national programme.
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most rapidly increasing cause of cancer mortality in New Zealand due to endemic Hepatitis B (HBV) infection and recent Hepatitis C (HCV) and obesity epidemics.
Alcoholic hepatitis (AH) develops in approximately 30% of chronic heavy drinkers. The immune system of patients with AH is hyperactivated, yet ineffective against infectious diseases. Mucosal-associat...
Alcoholic liver disease (ALD) represents a spectrum of liver injury resulting from alcohol use, ranging from hepatic steatosis to more advanced forms including alcoholic hepatitis (AH), alcoholic cirr...
Liver diseases associated with ALCOHOLISM. It usually refers to the coexistence of two or more subentities, i.e., ALCOHOLIC FATTY LIVER; ALCOHOLIC HEPATITIS; and ALCOHOLIC CIRRHOSIS.
INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans caused by HEPATITIS DELTA VIRUS, a defective RNA virus that can only infect HEPATITIS B patients. For its viral coating, hepatitis delta virus requires the HEPATITIS B SURFACE ANTIGENS produced by these patients. Hepatitis D can occur either concomitantly with (coinfection) or subsequent to (superinfection) hepatitis B infection. Similar to hepatitis B, it is primarily transmitted by parenteral exposure, such as transfusion of contaminated blood or blood products, but can also be transmitted via sexual or intimate personal contact.
INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans due to infection by VIRUSES. There are several significant types of human viral hepatitis with infection caused by enteric-transmission (HEPATITIS A; HEPATITIS E) or blood transfusion (HEPATITIS B; HEPATITIS C; and HEPATITIS D).
INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans caused by HEPATITIS C VIRUS, a single-stranded RNA virus. Its incubation period is 30-90 days. Hepatitis C is transmitted primarily by contaminated blood parenterally, and is often associated with transfusion and intravenous drug abuse. However, in a significant number of cases, the source of hepatitis C infection is unknown.
A family of hepatotropic DNA viruses which contains double-stranded DNA genomes and causes hepatitis in humans and animals. There are two genera: AVIHEPADNAVIRUS and ORTHOHEPADNAVIRUS. Hepadnaviruses include HEPATITIS B VIRUS, duck hepatitis B virus (HEPATITIS B VIRUS, DUCK), heron hepatitis B virus, ground squirrel hepatitis virus, and woodchuck hepatitis B virus (HEPATITIS B VIRUS, WOODCHUCK).
Hepatology is the study of liver, gallbladder, biliary tree, and pancreas, and diseases associated with them. This includes viral hepatitis, alcohol damage, cirrhosis and cancer. As modern lifestyles change, with alcoholism and cancer becoming more promi...