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Effects of Platelet Rich Plasma Injections on Biomarkers After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Tears

2019-09-19 03:56:51 | BioPortfolio

Summary

A potential long-term consequence of anterior cruciate ligament injuries is the development of post-traumatic osteoarthritis in the years following injury. There are no curative treatments for osteoarthritis, increasing the importance of minimizing the occurrence of post-traumatic osteoarthritis following anterior cruciate ligament injuries. Current literature has begun to indicate that biochemical changes in the knee joint cartilage, such as chondrocyte death, following injury can contribute to the development of post-traumatic osteoarthritis.

The main objective of this study is to determine if an early intervention of joint aspiration and platelet rich plasma injection will positively affect the biomarkers representative of chondral degeneration in patients with anterior cruciate ligament injuries. We hypothesize that the intervention will reduce the volume of inflammatory and chondrodegenerative biomarkers following anterior cruciate ligament injury.

Description

A non-surgical treatment option for the management of osteoarthritis include injectables such as corticosteroids and platelet rich plasma. These injectables work by positively affecting cartilage cells, also known as chondrocytes, and the cells of the joint lining tissue, also known as synoviocytes. Platelet rich plasma is an autologous derived blood product, i.e. a joint injectable made from the patient's own blood at the time and location of injection with simple blood centrifugation. Studies in the bench-top laboratory setting have provided in-vitro evidence that platelet rich plasma decreases synoviocyte production of metallometal proteases, an inflammatory protein with negative effects on cartilage and decreases the effects of inflammatory proteins.

Study Design

Conditions

Anterior Cruciate Ligament Tear

Intervention

Experimental Group, Control Group

Location

Andrews Institute for Orthopaedics & Sports Medicine
Gulf Breeze
Florida
United States
32561

Status

Recruiting

Source

Andrews Research & Education Foundation

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-09-19T03:56:51-0400

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PubMed Articles [24547 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

A new method for diagnosis of anterior cruciate ligament tear: MRI with maximum flexion of knee in the prone position: A case control study.

The diagnosis of anterior cruciate ligament tear can be made by physical examination and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the supine position. In cases where the tear is partially evaluated on MRI,...

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To compare knee anatomical parameters of patients with failed anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACL-R) with those of a control group of sex-matched patients with successful ACL-R.

Lateral meniscus posterior root tear in anterior cruciate ligament injury can be detected using MRI-specific signs in combination but not individually.

The purpose of this study was to evaluate (1) the diagnostic value of using single and multiple magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings for lateral meniscus posterior root tear (LMPRT) detection in ...

Anterior Cruciate Ligament Tear.

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Sprain or tear injuries to the ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT of the knee.

Rebuilding of the ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT to restore functional stability of the knee. AUTOGRAFTING or ALLOGRAFTING of tissues is often used.

A strong ligament of the knee that originates from the posteromedial portion of the lateral condyle of the femur, passes anteriorly and inferiorly between the condyles, and attaches to the depression in front of the intercondylar eminence of the tibia.

Rebuilding of the POSTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT to restore functional stability of the knee.

Groups that serve as a standard for comparison in experimental studies. They are similar in relevant characteristics to the experimental group but do not receive the experimental intervention.

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