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Effects of Motor Learning After Upper Limb Peripheral Nerve Injury

2019-09-18 03:27:47 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The outcome of peripheral nerve injury is related to age, level of injury, the injured nerve, the severity of injury, and the timing and the type of surgery interventions. In addition, high-level peripheral nerve injury would not full recovery, and the prognosis is determined by the nerve regeneration.

Conventional physical therapy includes electrical stimulation for denervated muscles, and soft tissue massage, joint range of motion exercises to maintain the flexibility of the affected joint, muscle or connected tissues. However, the nerve regeneration takes several months in high-level median, ulnar or radial nerve injury. Prolonged median or ulnar nerves injury may interfere intrinsic muscular function, and radial nerve injury causes drop hand. Earlier nerve regeneration or motor training is essential for the patients to return to normal life and increase their quality of life

Description

The outcome of peripheral nerve injury is related to age, level of injury, the injured nerve, the severity of injury, and the timing and the type of surgery interventions. In addition, high-level peripheral nerve injury would not full recovery, and the prognosis is determined by the nerve regeneration.

Conventional physical therapy includes electrical stimulation for denervated muscles, and soft tissue massage, joint range of motion exercises to maintain the flexibility of the affected joint, muscle or connected tissues. However, the nerve regeneration takes several months in high-level median, ulnar or radial nerve injury. Prolonged median or ulnar nerves injury may interfere intrinsic muscular function, and radial nerve injury causes drop hand. Earlier nerve regeneration or motor training is essential for the patients to return to normal life and increase their quality of life. This research aims to explore the effects of mirror therapy for peripheral nerve injury. We will enroll 60 patients who suffer from median, ulnar or radial nerve injury at the level of elbow or proximal forearm. The subjects will be randomized into the mirror-therapy group or the control group. Each group will receive conventional physical therapy (i.e., electrical stimulation, joint range of motion exercise, muscle strengthening training, sensory reeducation training). The mirror-therapy group would be supplemented by motor learning by mirror therapy. The measurements include joint range of motion, pain status, sensibility, grip strength, pinch strength, hand function test and the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH). Demographic information will be collected and analyzed by the independent t-tests. The outcome variables taken during the three and six months after the interventions would be included. One-way ANOVA are used to compare the difference between measurements. This study may offer an evidence based results to explore the effects of mirror therapy for peripheral nerve regeneration and motor learning.

Study Design

Conditions

Peripheral Nerve Injury at Forearm Level (Diagnosis)

Intervention

conventional physical therapy, mirror therapy

Location

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Rehabilitation Center, Chung Gung Memorial Hospital
Taoyuan
Taiwan
333

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

Chang Gung Memorial Hospital

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-09-18T03:27:47-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Therapeutic practices which are not currently considered an integral part of conventional allopathic medical practice. They may lack biomedical explanations but as they become better researched some (PHYSICAL THERAPY MODALITIES; DIET; ACUPUNCTURE) become widely accepted whereas others (humors, radium therapy) quietly fade away, yet are important historical footnotes. Therapies are termed as Complementary when used in addition to conventional treatments and as Alternative when used instead of conventional treatment.

Persons trained in PHYSICAL THERAPY SPECIALTY to make use of PHYSICAL THERAPY MODALITIES to prevent, correct, and alleviate movement dysfunction.

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