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Falls in old age can lead to severe physical and psychological restrictions. Training interventions for fall prevention can therefore improve the quality of life considerably. With perturbation-based balance training (PBT), which addresses the reactive balance control after a perturbation, a large reduction in the fall rate seems possible. In this study, we are comparing the effects of an Instrumented PBT (on a perturbation treadmill) and a conventional PBT (training under unstable conditions on different balance devices). In addition, both approaches will be compared with a passive control group. 111 participants aged 65 years or older will be randomly assigned to the three arms of the study. As the main outcomes, we will use the prospective rate of falls in a 12-months follow-up period and the Brief BESTest for assessing the fall risk. Secondary outcomes include balance performance, force capacity, and neuromuscular control during perturbations. We hypothesize that both interventions lead to a significant reduction in falls compared to the control group. Additionally, we explore whether instrumented PBT is superior to the conventional PBT or vice versa.
Fall Risk, Fall Prevention
Training on perturbation treadmill, Exercises of dynamic stability under unstable conditions
Heidelberg University, Network Aging Research
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Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-09-18T03:27:48-0400
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Exercises that stretch the muscle fibers with the aim to increase muscle-tendon FLEXIBILITY, improve RANGE OF MOTION or musculoskeletal function, and prevent injuries. There are various types of stretching techniques including active, passive (relaxed), static, dynamic (gentle), ballistic (forced), isometric, and others.
Technique based on muscle relaxation during self-hypnotic exercises. It is used in conjunction with psychotherapy.
Instructional programs in the care and development of the body, often in schools. The concept does not include prescribed exercises, which is EXERCISE THERAPY.
Therapeutic exercises aimed to deepen inspiration or expiration or even to alter the rate and rhythm of respiration.
Financial support for training including both student stipends and loans and training grants to institutions.
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