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Potential Role of Acupuncture Treatment in Neuronal and Network Dysfunction in Patients With Vascular Cognitive Impairment

2019-09-18 03:27:48 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Vascular cognitive impairment (VCI) is a broad dimensional term, ranging from mild cognitive impairment without incapacity on activity of daily living to vascular dementia (VaD), referred to as significant cognitive impairment and decline in function status.

In this three-year project, we aim to evaluate the effects of biochemical data, early clinical variables, neuroimaging results, and intervention of acupuncture treatment on vascular event related cognitive impairment in crossectional analysis and longitudinal follow-up.

Description

Stroke is a common cerebrovascular disease of the central nervous system leading to serious medical complication. It results in a high mortality rate and increased disability rate. Stroke survivors may have long-lasting consequences, including motor dysfunction, sensibility dysfunction, and cognitive impairment]. Cognition is a key component of rehabilitation and recovery; therefore it is associated with poor engagement in rehabilitee and outcomes including increased mortality. As vascular dementia (VaD) is considered the second-most-common type of dementing illness, accounting for a significant proportion of total dementia case, vascular cognitive impairment (VCI) is a broader dimensional term, ranging from mild cognitive impairment without incapacity on activity of daily living to VaD, referred to as significant cognitive impairment and decline in function status.

Acupuncture is an ancient Chinese medical technique in which fine, stainless steel needles are inserted into certain anatomical locations of the body surface to elicit neurohormonal responses of the body system via nerve stimulation. Acupuncture are reported to be probably effective in improving cognitive function in vascular dementia animal models via multiple mechanisms such as anti-apoptosis, antioxidative stress reaction, and metabolism enhancing of glucose and oxygen.

Motor features may not parallel to the cognitive changes, it will serve as the disease progression marker. Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS)-part III scores and NIH Stroke Scale (NIHSS) will be used.

1. At Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, all the patients (n=80) will be included and receive a Standardized Acupuncture intervention; 40 will be treated with regular medication; 40 will be treated with acupuncture and regular medication.

2. For acupressure program, all participants are treated in supine position, and a certified TCM physician applied firm pressure (3 to 5 kg of pressure) with fingertips in a circular motion at a speed of 2 circles per second for a duration of one minute per acupoint. The complete process lasts for 8 minutes.

Cognitive function, Motor function, Mood and Sleep will be evaluated at baseline and follow-up period of time at 3 month, 6 month, and 12 month.

Study Design

Conditions

Vascular Cognitive Impairment

Intervention

Acupuncture

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

Chang Gung Memorial Hospital

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-09-18T03:27:48-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A type of massage in which finger pressure on specific body sites is used to promote healing, relieve fatigue, etc. Although the anatomical locations are the same as the ACUPUNCTURE POINTS used in ACUPUNCTURE THERAPY (hence acu-), no needle or other acupuncture technique is employed in acupressure. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed). Shiatsu is a modern outgrowth that focuses more on prevention than healing.

Analgesia produced by the insertion of ACUPUNCTURE needles at certain ACUPUNCTURE POINTS on the body. This activates small myelinated nerve fibers in the muscle which transmit impulses to the spinal cord and then activate three centers - the spinal cord, midbrain and pituitary/hypothalamus - to produce analgesia.

Designated locations along nerves or organ meridians for inserting acupuncture needles.

Acupuncture therapy by inserting needles in the ear. It is used to control pain and for treating various ailments.

The occupational discipline of the traditional Chinese methods of ACUPUNCTURE THERAPY for treating disease by inserting needles along specific pathways or meridians.

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